Challenges to Comprehension Implied by the Logo
of Laetus in Praesens
University of Earth Alternative view of segmented documents via Kairos

1994

Levels of Civil Society and Public Policy Implications

Table 2

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Table 2 of NGOs and Civil Society: Some Realities and Distortions: the challenge of 'Necessary-to-Governance Organizations' (NGOs)


Explanation

Features of civil action

Public policy concerns

Level

Characteristics

Public law and order

Public morality

Public health

Public safety

Human
rights

Public funds

1

Informal assembly

Friends
Colleagues
Concerned citizens

. . . . . .

 

2

Action initiatives

Hear speeches
Celebration
Relgious celebration
Recreation / Music / Sport
Drinking club
Assistance to others
Mutual assistance
Distribution of texts
Distribution of supplies
Distribution of funds
Sell/Buy goods
Training courses
Conduct experiments
Formulate declarations
Demonstration

. . . . . .

 

3

Formal organization

Have name
Have statutes
Elect representatives
Obtain membership funds
Have formal meetings
Address / Phone
Fax / E-mail

. . . . . .

 

4

Acquire permanent facilities

Hire staff
Open bank account
Open secretariat offices

 

. . . . . .

 

5

 

Obtain recognition from...

Professional authorities
Religious authorities
Government (legal status)
International bodies

 

. . . . . .

 

6

Acquire immunity from...

Expropriation of property
Communication surveillance
Search and requisition

 

. . . . . .

 

7

Develop relationships

Fund initiatives
Undertake contracts
Open regional offices
Membership of national coalitions
Membership ofinternational bodies
Receive foreign funding
Give foreign funding
Attract volunteers

. . . . . .

 

8

Receive official support for action

Subventions / Grants / Loans
Subsidized
* facilities
* offices
* personnel
* meeting rooms
Protection of offices

 

. . . . . .

 

9

Obtain privileges to facilitate action

Legal facilities
Tax exemption
Customs facilities
Currency exchange facilities
Visa facilities
Communication facilities
Travel facilities
Personnel facilities
Social security
Tax exemption

 

. . . . . .
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