International Organizations and the Generation of the Will to Change
the information systems required
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UAI Study Papers INF/5, February 1970
A study of some implications of
- United Nations Development System Capacity Study (Jackson Report)
- IBRD Commission on International Development (Pearson Report)
- Report on the Mobilization of Public Opinion (CESI Report)
- Report on Scientific and Technical Communication (SATCOM Report)
in terms of the total network of organizations making up the world system and
the complex network of interacting problem areas.
The Capacity Study of the United
Nations Development System is examined here in some detail, firstly with respect
to its terms of reference, then as an analysis of the UN development system.
Some implications of the recommended organizational changes are considered.
Then the consequences of the approach examined in the earlier section for the
proposed UN information system are considered.
The Report of the
Commission on International Development, the Report on the Mobilization of Public
Opinion for the Second Development Decade, and the Report on Scientific and
Technical Communication are then examined briefly.
Finally the implications
of these reports for the future of nongovernmental organizations, and for the
improvement of the attack on world problems are considered.
The UN reports,
particularly when compared with the SATCOM Report, accord little attention to
nongovernmental bodies or to non-UN organizations and their programmes and problems
in general. At the same time these reports recognize the vital importance of
public opinion and the development of political will. No link is established
between public opinion and nongovernmental bodies. The UN reports all consider
that the participation of volunteers may be emphasized and the nongovernmental
bodies representing their interests ignored. The reports reveal a similar lack
of interest in non-development programmes.
The lack of attention
to all aspects of the UN environment leads to a situation in which any new organization
or information system proposed may (a) duplicate better funded non-UN programmes,
(b) ignore management problems of importance to the UN which have their origin
in non-UN organizational structures, and (c) ignore problem areas affecting,
or affected by, the development programmes of concern to the UN.
Finally, three tools -- planning, network approach, and computers -- are discussed
as important to the resolution of the difficulty of handling cross-jurisdictional,
multidisciplinary problem areas and inter-organizational relationships.
Six reports have been produced over the last
eight months that are of considerable importance to all international organizations,
but for international nongovernmental organizations in particular. The reports
All the reports are concerned with organization
or information systems appropriate to the coming decade. The first five reports
published by the United Nations are primarily concerned with the broad topic
of economic and social development. The first three of these are reviewed here.
Most emphasis is given to the Capacity Study because of its comprehensive coverage.
The SATCOM Report is concerned primarily with the question of an adequate scientific
and technical information system, primarily national but also international.
Its comprehensive coverage of this question and the many threads it has been
able to draw together, makes it useful to compare its recommendations and approach
with those of the UN reports.
main intention in examining each report was to detect features of the total
world system which were inadequately treated either in terms of their relevance
to the effective functioning of the subsystem with which the particular
report was concerned or because they would be adversely affected by the changes
proposed. (Any evaluations made, are made on the basis of interpretations of
the statements in the reports. Each UN report is the work of a small group and
does not necessarily reflect official policy.)
section is devoted to discussion of the points emerging from the four reports
reviewed. On the basis of this, three tools required to handle the problems
of the world system are discussed, namely planning, network approach, and computers.
Two computer-based systems answering sore of the requirements identified,
are described in appendixes. A brief summary of the coverage and degree of
organization of data banks with information on the world system from an international
perspective is given in a final appendix.
Rather than cite references, which might be difficult and time-consuming
to consult for a given reader, the procedure was adopted of quoting relevant
material in full.