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Groups promoting environmental conservation in any form are frequently labelled as Greens. The term is used both by themselves, as in Green Party, and by those critical of them or opposed to their policies. Use of "green" is of course consistent with a range of colours in the natural environment, typically forest leaves and grass. In an increasingly urbanised world, the term may be used with respect to any "green belt" protected by planning regulations around cities.
The variant, "Greenies" is notably employed as a term of deprecation to refer to opponents of unchecked urban development and industrialisation. It then carries implications of innocence and ignorance to frame the Greens as misinformed and misguided in their arguments and policies. Another connotation is "wet" -- as associated with immature and "wet behind the ears". This usage then exploits some qualities valued and promoted by the Greens, namely the innocence of nature unsullied by industrialisation, and a precautionary principle in the light of potential ignorance regarding the consequence of ill-conceived development. Use of "Greenies" is readily associated with the strategic arguments of those who rely on the slogan There Is No Alternative (TINA) -- an implicit disparagement of Green strategies.
For communication purposes, the Greens do not appear to have been able to frame, with an equivalent term, those promoting policies endeavouring to endanger the natural environment. The question explored here is the possibility of facilitating the promotion of Green policies through identifying such a term in relation to the policies and mindsets associated with such problematic attitudes. The term of deprecation proposed here is "Burnies" -- as a variation of "Burn", namely analogous to the deprecatory use of "Greenies". This gives a focus to what Burnies stand for -- effectively naming the, as a problem, from the Green perspective.
As with "Green", "Burn" also has valued qualities for those with whom it can be associated -- being a notable feature of the industrial revolution and processes characteristic of industrialisation. Recognition of this ambiguity helps to avoid the extremes of negative campaigning.
This exploratory exercise is seen as a contribution to reflection on the communication processes essential in a highly media-sensitive environment. As with respect to other political campaigns, it is a question of identity and image. The argument being that the "Greens" have been deprived of an advantage by allowing qualities associated with their identity to be reframed for purpose of deprecation by their opponents. In a political context, consideration can be usefully given to returning the favour and providing a label with which policies and groups endangering the environment can be associated -- hence "Burnies".
With respect to the environment, an earlier framing envisaged counterparts to Friends of the Earth and Greenpeace (Wanted: Enemies of the Earth and Greenwar International, 1992). In an effort to transcend "negative campaigning", use of "Burnies" could then be understood in terms of creative "negative strategies" (Liberating Provocations: use of negative and paradoxical strategies, 2005).
The approach follows from previous consideration of the misuse of military metaphors to frame sustainable development initiatives (Enhancing Sustainable Development Strategies through Avoidance of Military Metaphors, 1998). Such use of metaphor is seen as characteristic of emergent "memetic warfare", as separately discussed (Missiles, Missives, Missions and Memetic Warfare: navigation of strategic interfaces in multidimensional knowledge space, 2001; Memetic and Information Diseases in a Knowledge Society: speculations towards the development of cures and preventive measures, 2008; Globallooning -- Strategic Inflation of Expectations and Inconsequential Drift: Global, Glo-Bull, Glow-Ball, Glow-Bawl, 2009).
Although Burnies in general, and especially individual Burnies, may not be directly associated with some of the examples indicated below, the argument is reinforced by the implication that they may be complicit to a degree, perhaps as with "fellow travellers", pejoratively used as a label in relation to Communism.
Burning non-renewable resources (oil, gas, coal, wood): Burnies are most clearly associated with the various forms of combustion of non-renewable resources, most notably those resulting in carbon emissions. These are seen as vital to industrialisation and to development in general. Any constraint on burning such resources is seen by Burnies as a direct constraint on growth -- framed as vital to the economy and employment, to which the policies of Greenies are perceived as a threat.
The operation of vehicles based on internal combustion engines (automobiles, trucks, airplanes, trains) is seen by Burnies as vital for purposes of transportation, whether of goods required for economic purposes or of people. Burnies vigorously defend the latter use as basic to the desirability of freedom-loving lifestyles requiring mobility.
The burning of fuel in rockets is seen by Burnies as exemplifying the adventurous spirit of humanity in its exploration of the new frontiers of space. Burnies are inherently resistant to questions relating to the purpose of such exploration and the associated use of increasingly scarce resources to that end.
Deforestation (slash-and-burn, forest fires, wildfires): The earliest Burnies are the forest tribes which practiced slash-and-burn agriculture to provide fertile ground for growth of their crops. Modern variants of slash-and-burn, practiced by Burnies of the 21st century, are evident in the deliberate destruction ("clearance") of forest areas to enable the growth of cash crops and the subsistence farming practiced by an ever-increasing population. This has been most evident in the Amazon rainforests.
As a consequence of their procrastination regarding global warming, Burnies are effectively associated with the increasing pattern of heat-waves and drought. These enable the proliferation of wildfires in vulnerable regions, of which Spain, Portugal, Greece and Australia have offered recent striking examples. The incidence of such wildfires has been associated with suspicions concerning their criminal origin through arson, possibly at the instigation of those Burnies favouring alternative use of land otherwise reserved for forest growth. Like arsonists, however, Burnies tend to derive a perverse pleasure from watching anything burn.
Deadly use of weapons: Metaphoric use of "burn" has been intimately associated with use of weapons. It is characteristic of a "scorched earth policy" through which conquered territories are physically devastated -- burning the infrastructure of their society -- for purposes of punishment or revenge. Metaphoric variants of such policies may be employed to inhibit competition. Burnies would tend to be associated with both physical and metaphoric forms -- being indifferent to their consequences.
The development and use of weapons of mass destruction (thermonuclear devices, thermobaric weapons, and incendiary weapons) would naturally tend to be favoured by Burnies -- rather than resisted by them. Burnies would be similarly favourable to the development and proliferation of firearms.
Of interest in that respect is slang use of "burn" as a description of the wounding or killing of an opponent with a firearm -- possibly derived from a traditional form of capital punishment by burning (possibly anticipating the punishment expected to be accorded to them in an afterlife). This metaphor may also be employed in business competition or sport.
Burning waste: Societies, especially industrial societies, generate ever-increasing quantities of waste. Where waste disposal can no longer be ensured by dumping in landfills or the ocean, Burnies would tend to favour incineration -- despite the resultant toxic air pollution -- rather than the development and implementation of more assiduous recycling.
Lifestyle diseases (smoking, heart-burn, burnout): Appropriately, perhaps ironically, Burnies tend to be most resistant to restriction of tobacco smoking, despite the diseases to which it may give rise in smokers or in those exposed to them as passive smokers.
Excessive consumption, notably of fast foods, is increasingly recognized as giving rise to disease (notably obesity) of which one symptom is ironically so-called heartburn. This consumption pattern is one which is particularly characteristic of Burnies -- for which the burning of the calories consumed is a challenge.
A further irony is evident in the pace of life which Burnies tend to favour, as a consequence of "burning ambition" -- with the risk of so-called burnout at an unnaturally early age. This may be understood as psychological burnout, a syndrome characterized by long-term exhaustion and diminished interest, especially in one's career, or as occupational burnout, characterized by exhaustion, cynicism, and reduced professional efficacy within the workplace.
"Book burning": This is the practice of destroying, often ceremoniously, books or other written material. In modern times, in addition to book burning, other forms of media, such as phonograph records, video tapes, and CDs have also been ceremoniously burned or shredded. Book burning is usually carried out in public, and is generally motivated by moral, religious, or political objections to the material. Burnies would tend to favour this treatment of media supportive of views perceived as undermining their own.
Another variant is the burning or shredding of official archives and documents believed to record embarrassing facts from the past -- typically relating to the activities of Burnies. A metaphorical use of burning in this context is the process of "burning bridges" whereby a relationship is rendered irreparable. Through destruction of aids to collective memory, this can also apply to the tendency to dissociate from the historical past and the learnings it offered.
The above framing of Burnies, for purposes of deprecating the policies they favour in contrast to those promoted by Greenies, can be placed in a larger context by considering the implications of the ambiguity of the processes in which both indulge -- implying values subtly shared and meriting exploration for that reason. These include:
As qualifiers used by Burnies and Greenies, there is a delightful irony to ambiguities in the slang use of "hot" (referring to attractiveness or arousal) and of "cool" (as an admired aesthetic of attitude, behaviour, comportment, appearance or style).
Rather than exacerbating any tendency to tit-for-tat negative campaigning, use of "Burnies" might be held in reserve as a possibility -- only to be employed in active response to pejorative reference to "Greenies" or their policies.
The future relationship between Burnies and Greenies could be imaginatively reframed through a switch in metaphor. The final outcome of the various forms of burning with which Burnies are associated is typically "black" in colour or implication -- including an overriding preference for "being in the black" on any balance sheet. Ironically, and consistently, a much favoured clothing style of Burnies is also ash gray or black, whether for men or women. At the major gathering place for Burnies, the clothing at the annual Davos World Economic Forum is predominantly ash gray or black-suited. Mixing metaphors, the challenging relationship between Burnies and Greenies could then be framed in sporting and musical terms, as separately explored (All Blacks of Davos vs All Greens of Porto Alegre: reframing global strategic discord through polyphony? 2007).
Ironically the potential relationship between "black" and "green" is currently a feature of the creative imagination of the fashion industry. As described by Wikipedia with numerous references, the expression "the new black" has long been used to indicate the sudden popularity or versatility of an idea at the expense of the popularity of a second idea. The slogan Green is the New Black has conquered the world of fashion since 2005; although unlike many fashion trends, green wasn't only popular that year. Many designers and big fashion brands got inspired to explore opportunities to go green. It is the theme of a book by Tamsin Blanchard (Green is the New Black: how to change the world with style, 2008). It now often features in relation to eco-design (Green is the New Black: recycled Materials Used in eco-friendly fashion, Living Green Magazine, 16 October 2012).
Footnote: In using "Burnies" in the above proposal, apologies are due to the citizens of the delightful port city of Burnie (Tasmania) where the proposal happens to have been formulated. Appropriately, but unfortunately, Burnie also happens to be the urban centre for exploitation of the Tarkine wilderness area. This has long featured prominently in the Australian media as a subject of contention between the "Greenies", and mining and logging interests -- culminating in recent protests in Burnie in favour of further exploitation (Tarkine row at boiling point, The Mercury, 18 November 2012; The Tarkine is a precious place: Burnie rally draws 3000, Tasmanian Times, 17 November 2012).
The Tarkine represents Australia's largest remaining single tract of primeval rainforest and is the largest wilderness dominated by rainforest in Australia. As an area with a high concentration of Aboriginal sites, it has been described by the Australian Heritage Council as "one of the world's great archaeological regions". Its fate is of continuing concern to the Australian Conservation Foundation which in November 2012 became part of a historic agreement to end the decades of conflict that have surrounded Tasmania's forests (Agreement for forest peace in Tasmania!), later to be undermined, as reported by the Australian Greens (Tarkine trashed in cynical pre-Christmas dump, The Greens, 10 December 2012). The United Tasmania Group (UTG), one of the Australian Green parties, is generally acknowledged to be the world's first Green party.
Coincidentally, the protests in Burnie occurred at a time when 250 climate scientistis were concluding an 8-week meeting in Hobart, the capital of Tasmania, to complete one of three final reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) (The IPCC at work in Hobart). Presumably to the delight of Burnies everwhere, the confidential draft report was leaked by one of those involved (Unauthorised posting of the draft Working Group I contribution to the IPCC's Fifth Assessment Report, IPCC, 14 December 2012; Major Climate Change Report Draft Leaked Online: IPCC). As a further coincidence, an unprecedented range of Tasmanian bushfires occurred in November-December 2012, followed by some 40 bushfires in January 2013, most notably in the Hobart area. More than 20,000 hectares (49,000 acres) of bushland were burnt out.
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