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1974 | Draft

Network-related Concepts

Towards a vocabulary adapted to social complexity and process

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Originaly prepared for a symposium of the Union of In ternational Associations (Paris. March 1974)
on the Conceptual problems of language in international society. Published in Transnational Associations, 31, 1979, 5, pp. 193-194
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Summary

In working with different types of social, entity or social phenomena, whether in- ternational organizations, world-wide problems or key concepts, it is often difficult to express relatively simple notions about the interrelationships between such entities. The interrelationship may be basically structural when such entities form complex networks of characteristic shapes, or else the interrelationship may be dynamic when the flows between the entities are important, when the network is growing, or when the network is evolving into some new shape with different structural characteristics.

Because clear and simple concepts are lacking, together with the appropriate terms, discussion of such social complexity can only be accomplished, if at all, by the use of extremely cumbersome and lengthy phrases which tend to create more confusion than they eliminate. A vocabulary is required which is adapted to complexity. In the absence of such a vocabulary, debate tends to avoid discussion of issues which emerge from such complexity and concentrates on issues which can be adequately expressed via the existing vocabulary. This creates the illusion that the issues which, can be discussed are the most important because of the visibility accorded them by the vocabulary at hand. \

There is therefore a real challenge to the social sciences to identify concepts associated with complexity and to locate adequate terms with which to label them. The development of such a vocabulary would provide a powerful means for objectifying and de-mystifying the complexity of the organizational, problem and conceptual networks by which we are surrounded and within which most of our activity is embedded.

A good point of departure is the "ne- work". In a number of domains, particularly outside the social sciences, network related terms are in frequent use. The structural and dynamic concepts associated with these terms may be converted for use in connection with social complexity, in the following sections a first step has been made in this direction. In many cases the relative simplicity and lack of ambiguity of the concept would emerge much more clearly if diagrams, or in some cases sequences of diagrams, could be provided. (Contacts have already been made with a view to producing a film to give clarity to this new vocabulary as a support for textual definitions of the different concepts),

The special advantage of this particular strategy is that the point of departure, "network" can be considered as being composed of a great variety of social entities and links. It is the focus of concern on the conception and definition of these partial features of the social fabric which is a cause of much of the commu- nication difficulty with regard to social structures and processes. There may therefore be much advantage to be gained by focusing on a " fabric-oriented" concept like network which by-passes many relatively trivial difficulties (without imposing an unsatisfactory so- lution) and stabilizes discussion at a new and more fruitful level.

Structural relationship to environment Network control Operational relationship to environment Properties/Conditions
international
network
symbolic network
enclosed network
disguised network
structural violence
token network
unrepresentative network
isolated network
constrained network
invisible network
ritual network
regulated network
controlled network
undirected network
autocoordination
autoactivation
spastic network
focused network
commensal network
synnecrotic network
symbiotic network
predatory network
extractive network
supportive network
inputting network
variety-suppressing network
network destruction
network erosion
coupling network
catalysis problem/organization
mismatch problem /concept
mismatch absorptive network
facilitative network
catalytic network
prosyletizing network

residual network
undeveloped network
crisis network
passive network
active network
wild network
turbulent network
conscious network
blind network
inadequate network
unstable network
metastable network
stable network
potentially explosive network
introverted network extraverted network socialized network
politicized network personalized network
working network.

potential network
networked problem area
open network (to inputs)
closed network
networking
spastic network
undifferentiated network
organizational network
static network
dynamic network
temporary network
knotted network
leaking network
network shock
fibrillating network

Structural characteristics Change over time/Flow characteristic Relationship to another part of network
hierarchized network
bureaucratized network
floating centre network
network short circuit
network fragmentation
intra-organzational network
transorganizational network
inter-organizational network
open network (i.e. not dense)
coarse linked network
finely linked network closed network (impen.)

network directedness
undirected network
network duration/durability
network intensity/transaction
flow network
frequency blocked network
layered network
network horizontal extension
network articulation
network centrality
network coherence/intercon- nectedness/density.

network short-circuit
network flows
network duration/durability
network intensity
network frequency
network reactivation
network clogging/noise
concentrating network
dispersing network
overloaded network
underloaded network

organizational counterpart
functional substitution
network inconsistencies
distorted network
Growth over time

network emergence
network complexification
networking
network retraction
network diversification/ differentiation
imploding network
exploding network
explosive differentiation
imlposive simplification
network rigidification/crystallization network reactivation
network elaboration
démantèlement des réseaux
declining network

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