- / -
Adaptation from the I Ching
. Published in: UniS: the journal for discovering
, 1, 2, Summer 1987, pp. 6-21. See also Transformation
Metaphors: derived experimentally from the Chinese Book of Changes (I Ching)
for sustainable dialogue, vision, conferencing, policy, network, community and
into which the contents of this document were integrated.
conditions according to I Ching numbering
Condition Creative energy and inspiration energy may engender new
patterns as a result of unrestrained action by a network.
1. Patient caution by the network may be required to avoid premature action. (Resulting
2. Exertion of a recognized positive influence by the network may be required
prior to action. (Resulting in: Fellowship).
3. Attraction of mass support by the network can lead to the temptations
of over-ambition. (Resulting in: Careful
4. The network may be faced with the choice between internal development
and external social action. (Resulting in: Subtle
5. Widespread recognition of the effects of the action of the network on
society may result in long-term positive consequences. (Resulting in: Wealth).
6. Catastrophe may result when the network indulges in aspirations exceeding
its capacity. (Resulting in: Resolution).
Transformation sequence In order to bear fruit, creativity
eventually requires the existence of a receptive environment. (Resulting
service - Passivity
Condition A network may respond to the actions and opportunities of
its environment through which it may then bring about change.
1. The network may take heed of the first signs of deterioration in its environment. (Resulting
2. The network may respond naturally to its environment. (Resulting in: Controlled
3. Care should be taken to avoid premature public attention to the maturing
work of the network. (Resulting in: Unpretentiousness).
4. The strictest reticence is required by the network to avoid both the enmity
of antagonists and the dangers of misplaced acclaim. (Resulting in: Enthusiasm).
5. The network may express its qualities indirectly and discreetly as its
actions emerge into prominence. (Resulting in: Solidarity).
6. The network may make an inappropriate attempt to take the leading role,
thus causing a struggle destructive to all concerned. (Resulting in: Deterioration).
Transformation sequence Initiatives emerging in a receptive
environment first experience difficulties. (Resulting in: Initial
3. Initial difficulty
at the beginning- Organizational growth pains
Condition Due to the profusion of changes being brought about, confusing
obstacles to the growth of network action occur, calling fora cooperative
response to bring order out of chaos.
1. The network may proceed cautiously in pursuit of its goal by attracting
suitable assistance. (Resulting in: Solidarity).
2. The network should avoid the obligations entailed by early acceptance
of assistance from unexpected sources in times of difficulties. (Resulting
3. The network should renounce immediate objectives that have proved unfruitful
due to premature action without adequate guidance. (Resulting in: Accomplishment).
4. Necessary network action may be rendered successful, despite inadequate
resources, by obtaining appropriate assistance (Resulting in: Following).
5. Its position in society may cause direct action by the network to be distorted,
necessitating cautious indirect action to overcome the obstacles arising from
such misinterpretations. (Resulting in: Recovery).
6. The network may cease its struggle due to an acceptance of the initial
difficulties as overwhelming. (Resulting in: Assistance).
Transformation sequence When first launched, initiatives
tend to be handicapped by inexperience. (Resulting in: Inexperience).
Youthful folly - Acquiring experience - Immaturity - Uncultivated
Condition Aided by enthusiasm, network action may succeed despite
inexperience, provided appropriate guidance is sought with the right attitude.
1. Discipline is a necessary counterweight to dissipative carelessness in
network action, although excessive discipline has itself a crippling effect
on the development of network potential. (Resulting in: Deficiency).
2. Tolerance of shortcomings is a prerequisite for assumption of social responsibility
by the network. (Resulting in: Deterioration).
3. The inexperienced network does not develop by applying itself to simple
problems which readily offer themselves for solution. (Resulting in: Remedial
4. The network entangled in action fantasies of imagined significance can
often only free itself by experiencing the humiliation which finally results. (Resulting
5. The inexperienced network that seeks guidance in an unassuming manner
may develop successfully. (Resulting in: Barrier
6. Constraints should be applied to the network that persists in careless
action, but only to prevent unjustified excesses. (Resulting in: Controlled
Transformation sequence After overcoming problems of inexperience,
initiatives await further support. (Resulting in: Waiting).
Biding one's time - Calculated inaction
Condition A network can only derive the strength to confront crises
by being able to wait, however iong is necessary for opportunities
to emerge, rather than being panicked into action by immediate dangers.
1. Before the sensed crisis takes form, the network should continue as long
as possible to engage in the longterm processes by which its strength is renewed. (Resulting
2. As the crisis takes form, disagreements may emerge and escalate dangerously
if the network is unable to maintain its tranquillity. (Resulting in: Accomplishment).
3. Premature response to the crisis leaves the network waiting in an exposed
and vulnerable position which calls for serious reassessment. (Resulting
4. In the midst of danger any action may aggravate the situation; the composure
of the network is the only guarantee of survival as events take their course. (Resulting
5. Despite the crisis there are moments of calm which the network should
use to fortify itself for renewed struggle. (Resulting in: Peace).
6. When the crisis strikes, the network must yield to the inevitable whilst
being ready to respond to the potential of unforeseen developments. (Resulting
Transformation sequence Initiatives awaiting support engender
conflict over the allocation of available resources. (Resulting in: Conflict).
Condition When a network encounters opposition in pursuing a course
of action it considers appropriate, conflict arises which can
only be usefully resolved by coming to terms with the opponent.
1. In its incipient stage, especially when the opposition is strong, it may
be best for the network to drop an issue rather than risk open conflict. (Resulting
2. If the opposition is of superior strength, timely withdrawal by the network
may prevent undesirable consequences for the community as a whole. (Resulting
3. If the network subordinates itself to a strong ally, conflict can be avoided
by not acting to acquire prestige. (Resulting in: Encounter).
4. If the opposition is of weaker strength, the network will have difficulty
in justifying the success of any conflict and can best achieve its ends by
redefining its goals. (Resulting in: Barrier
5. If it is in the right, the network can derive great benefit if the conflict
takes place under the auspices of a powerful and just arbiter. (Resulting
6. If the network carries the conflict successfully to the bitter end, it
will find its success short lived and constantly exposed to further attack. (Resulting
Transformation sequence When there is conflict a controlled
threat eventually emerges to regulate it. (Resulting in: Controlled
7. Controlled threat
Condition For a network to struggle successfully, discipline must
be instilled in the community by arousing enthusiasm, sustaining the people
and eliciting confidence in the value of its actions.
1. For an entreprise to be successful when it is initiated, order must prevail
within the network. (Resulting in: Initiative).
2. The network should remain in close touch with the community, sharing its
condition and receiving recognition on its behalf, in order to be able to meet
the demands made on it. (Resulting in: Receptivity).
3. If the community takes the initiative from the network, misfortune will
ensue. (Resulting in: Advancement).
4. If the network is faced with superior opposition, orderly withdrawal avoids
the risk of disintegration. (Resulting in: Liberation).
5. Energetic struggle by the network is required to counteract any attacks,
but a disorderly response may become counterproductive. (Resulting in: Persistence).
6. Following successful action by the network, it is important that power
should not be given to those who would abuse it. (Resulting in: Inexperience).
Transformation sequence The emergence of a controlled threat
eventually promotes solidarity. (Resulting in: Solidarity).
Coordination - Leadership - Holding together
Condition Complementarity of action by the different parts of a network
requires that they should be held together by a central symbol whose significance
reinforces each in his understanding of his role within the action of the
1. Only a fundamental sincerity provides the basic cohesive power through
which appropriate network relationships can be formed. (Resulting in: Initial
2. To avoid losing the dignity and intrinsic clarity of its relationships,
the network should persevere in the appropriate response to any summons to
action. (Resulting in: Persistence).
3. The network should avoid engendering relationships based on false intimacy
- formed when differences of habit are underestimated - which subsequently
prevents the formation of more genuine and appropriate bonds. (Resulting
4. When the network relationships with the central rallying point are well
established, they should be acknowledged openly. (Resulting in: Congregation).
5. The cultivated quality of the central symbol recognized within the network
should be such as to engender the voluntary dependence of those who hold to
it, leaving others free to go their own way. (Resulting in: Receptivity).
6. Coherence within a network calls for right timing which if miscalculated
through hesitancy may be a cause for regret. (Resulting in: Recognition).
Transformation sequence Solidarity ensures a subtle restraint. (Resulting
9. Subtle restraint
Restraint by the weak - Taming power of the small
Condition When the influence of a network is as yet unable to produce
great or lasting effects, it is best that it should act in a restraining
or subduing manner in anticipation of ultimate success.
1. Avoidance of forceful action by the network leaves it free to advance
or retreat when obstructions are encountered. (Resulting in: Penetrating
2. The network benefits by retreating with others of similar orientation
when obstructions are too great. (Resulting in: Community).
3. Forceful action by the network is bound to fail when circumstances combine
to enhance the powers of seemingly minor hindrances. (Resulting in: Essential
4. Disinterested restraining action by the network to ensure that the right
prevails will eventually succeed, despite the real dangers with which such
action is threatened. (Resulting in: Creativity).
5. Relationships based on loyalty and trust reinforce the effectiveness
of the network and of the complementary roles of those involved. (Resulting
6. When the network has achieved limited success from a position of weakness,
it is dangerous to pursue the advantage any further until circumstances are
more favourable. (Resulting in: Waiting).
Transformation sequence Subtle restraints give rise to
careful conduct. (Resulting in: Careful
10. Careful conduct
carefully - Treading
can best relate to those who are
strong and intraclable by conducting itself with due respect, reinforcing recognition of inner worth whenever it is
reflected in external rank.
1. The network can make progress when in an inferior position through simple
unassuming actions, since it is not yet bound by social obligations. (Resulting
2. The network may act successfully in isolation, free of conventional entanglements
and the enticements of conventional goals. (Resulting in: Spontaneity).
3. When handicapped, reckless action beyond its capabilities invites disaster,
which is only justified when the network is struggling for a higher cause. (Resulting
4. The network may succeed in a dangerous entreprise if it acts with caution,
conscious of its inner resources. (Resulting in: Essential
5. For a resolute action to succeed, the network should be aware of the dangers
of resoluteness. (Resulting in: Opposition).
6. The success of the network can only be assessed in terms of effects of
its actions; these then determine the consequences for the network. (Resulting
Transformation sequence Careful conduct ensures that peaceful
relationships prevail. (Resulting in: Peace).
Condition When harmony prevails in a network and in its relationship
with society a period of fruitful action is assured. To benefit
from this condition processes musí be ordered and adjusted to increase
1. Under such favourable circumstances the network attracts together those
with similar preoccupations and is encouraged to extend its activities. (Resulting
2. The network can overcome the danger of becoming slack in times of harmony
by working with the imperfect, risking dangerous undertakings, taking the seemingly
insignificant into account, and avoiding factionalism. (Resulting in: Decline).
3. The network can avoid succumbing to the illusion that the period of harmony
will never end by recognizing how its inner strengths are independent of external
circumstances. (Resulting in: Initiative).
4. In times of mutual confidence, the network can spontaneously establish
close contact with the alienated, by emphasizing an inner bond rather than
external inequality. (Resulting in: Power).
5. The network may successfully achieve its ends by uniting with others who
have fewer advantages. (Resulting in: Waiting).
6. When the period of peace comes to an end the only recourse is to accept
the transition and attempt to maintain a measure of harmony within the network
itself. (Resulting in: Conservation).
Transformation sequence If peaceful relationships continue
to prevail, stagnation eventually results. (Resulting in: Stagnation).
prevailing in a network and in its
relationships with society ensures an uncreative period of
confusion and disorder. As the exertion of effective influence is impossible, a network can best remain faithful to its
withdrawing into seclusion rather than by
accepting the temptation of public action.
1. Under such unfavourable circumstances, the network may best protect its
values by retiring into seclusion with other of similar preoccupation. (Resulting
2. The network should not interact with those of inferior values, even though
they might welcome such action as a way of reducing their disorder, any consequent
suffering to the network is a guarantee of its ultimate success. (Resulting
3. Those of inferior values, who have illegitimately acquired power within
the network or in society, eventually recognize their lack of ability. (Resulting
4. Those seeking to restore order within the network or in society should
feel capable of responding to the challenge in collaboration with others rather
than risk acting in the light of their own limited perceptions. (Resulting
5. Once the network has emerged into a position from which order can be restored,
success is only assured through the greatest attention to the possibilities
of failure. (Resulting in: Progress).
6. The network must act deliberately and creatively to end the condition
of stagnation and disintegration. (Resulting in: Congregation).
Transformation sequence Stagnation cannot persist indefinitely
and therefore fellowship finally emerges. (Resulting in: Fellowship).
Condition True fellowship can be brought abouí wiíhin and by the network
through the emergence of clear, convincing, and inspiring aims. These should
be based upon a concern thai is universal and be accompanied by the strength
to carry them out. To ensure the appropriate functional relationships amongst
diverse elements, an organic mode of organization is required.
1. The network should ensure that the fundamental principles upon which any
union is based are equally accessible to all those involved. (Resulting
2. The emergence of exclusive factions based upon self-interest and the rejection
of others is a danger to the network and to the achievement of its aims. (Resulting
3. Mistrust and reservation within the network undermine fellowship, leading
to strategies based on guile which engender further alienation. (Resulting
4. Confrontation may reach a point at which the opposing parties are no longer
able to act against each other, and in this way the situation of the network
is usefully clarified. (Resulting in: Community).
5. Its position in society may cause the network to be able to relate effectively
to others who share its fundamental preoccupations only after a long struggle
to overcome the obstacles unfortunately separating them. (Resulting in: Normative
6. The network may be able to engage with others only in a limited alliance
based upon mutual interest rather than on a shared approach to universal concerns. (Resulting
Transformation sequence Through fellowship values emerge,
leading to acquisition of wealth. (Resulting in: Wealth).
in great measure
Condition A network may acquire a position of power in relation to
the strong by acting disinterestedly with a low profile. In this way wealth
is appropriately administered in a graceful and controlled manner.
1. The network can avoid the temptation of wealth only by developing an
awareness of the many difficulties to be overcome and of the possibilities
of mistakes in its use. (Resulting in: Cultural
2. The network should delegate responsibility in order to ensure that the
resources at its disposal are used most effectively in new undertakings. (Resulting
3. The network is most successful when it seeks to place itself and the
wealth it has acquired at the service of a higher cause, or of society as
a whole, rather than vainly attempting to maintain a hold on it for itself. (Resulting
4. The network should carefully distinguish its own position from that
of the strong with whom it is in contact, in order to avoid the dangers of
vying with them and thus jeopardizing the very basis of its power. (Resulting
5. Even when the benevolent action of the network succeeds in attracting
support based solely on unaffected sincerity, the tendency for insolence
to emerge must be kept in check through the strength of dignity. (Resulting
6. When at the height of its power, the network can best enhance the value
of its position by cultivating an unassuming attitude and honouring values
which transcend the mundane affairs of society. (Resulting in: Power).
Transformation sequence To retain valuable possessions,
the amount should be modest and the attitude unpretentious. (Resulting
Condition A network prospers best by acting in an unassuming manner,
whether in a position of influence or not. This principle also favors
its efforts to establish order by reducing those extremes and inequalities
which are the source of social discontent.
1. The network may successfully undertake dangerous enterprises if the situation
is not confused by unnecessary claims and by the resistance of others resulting
from such claims. (Resulting in: Decline).
2. When an unassuming manner is natural to the network's mode of action,
the possibilities of exerting a lasting influence emerge of their own accord. (Resulting
3. If the network responds immodestly to widespread recognition of its achievements,
criticism develops, preventing the work from being carried through to its final
fruition. (Resulting in: Receptivity).
4. The network should guard against the danger that an unassuming manner
of action may become an effective disguise for irresponsibility and inaction. (Resulting
5. Circumstances may call for energetic corrective action by the network,
which should not interpret the merit of an unassuming mode as an excuse for
letting events take an inappropriate course. (Resulting in: Obstruction).
6. The network should act vigorously to defend itself and order its environment,
especially when the root of the problem lies in weaknesses of own. (Resulting
Transformation sequence Valued possessions and unpretentiousness
together engender enthusiasm. (Resulting in: Enthusiasm).
Condition A network can arouse enthusiasm by acting in harmony with
the needs of the time and co-opting assistance for the completion of an
undertaking. Such enthusiasm releases people from the grip of mundane tensions
and allows them to express the hidden potentials of their society.
1. When in a position of weakness, the network invites misfortune if it makes
enthusiastic claims about its own connection with those in positions of power. (Resulting
2. The network should not allow itself to be misled by illusory manifestations
of enthusiasm, but should be sensitive to the emerging tendencies of the time,
acting self-reliantly in response to those in positions of strength or weakness. (Resulting
3. The network must choose the right moment to act, for otherwise either
the opportunity will be lost or else it will become unnecessarily dependent
on an external leader capable of engendering enthusiasm. (Resulting in: Conscientiousness).
4. The network can arouse enthusiasm and cooperation through its own self-confidence
and the sincere support it gives to those who collaborate with it. (Resulting
5. The network can be obstructed in its ability to engender enthusiasm, but
this may usefully prolong its existence by preventing it from depleting its
energies. (Resulting in: Congregation).
6. Being misled by false enthusiasm may constitute a valuable learning experience
for the network, provided it is subsequently capable of further development. (Resulting
Transformation sequence Where enthusiasm persists, a following
emerges. (Resulting in: Following).
Entrainment - Acquiring followers - Attunement
Condition In order to be capable of inducing people voluntarily
to follow its lead without resistance, the network musí first adapt itself
to their circumstances to be able to serve them.
1. In order for the network to identify how it should adapt to its environment,
it must open itself to contact with a wide range of different views. (Resulting
2. In developing its pattern of contacts, the network should take care to
avoid those holding inferior values or risk losing those holding superior values
by which its action can be benefitted. (Resulting in: Vitality).
3. The development of its contacts with those holding superior values will
lead the network to obtain what it needs for its own development, despite the
loss of stimulating distractions with those holding inferior values. (Resulting
4. Once it is successful in its influence, the network should develop the
ability to distinguish insincere supporters, attracted for their own advantage,
who must be kept at a distance if success is not to be jeopardized. (Resulting
5. The network must itself follow something which guides, legitimates and
empowers its initiatives. (Resulting in: Crisis
6. Having developed its activities to the point of detachment from mundane
affairs, the network may be confronted with a persistent following which once
more draws it back into a guiding role. (Resulting in: Spontaneity).
Transformation sequence Following others leads to undertakings
and remedial action. (Resulting in: Remedial
18. Remedial action
Condition Inertia, indifference and the abuse of human freedom
lead to deterioration of the network or society and call for decisive, energetic
action, if regeneration is to occur.
1. Deterioration due simply to rigid adherence to conventional patterns of
action may easily be remedied, provided that the network is conscious of the
dangers associated with any such reform. (Resulting in: Conservation).
2. The deterioration may be the result of inherent weakness, in which case
the network should avoid drastic action so as not to further aggravate the
situation. (Resulting in: Inaction).
3. If the network proceeds somewhat too energetically in rectifying the mistakes
of the past, difficulties will arise, but this is preferable to the results
of insufficiently vigorous action. (Resulting in: Inexperience).
4. Misfortune will result if the network is itself too weak to take action
against progressive deterioration resulting from past mistakes. (Resulting
5. Even though it is inadequate to the challenge of past neglect and corruption,
the network may achieve partial success with the assistance of others. (Resulting
6. The development of the network may be such that it is unnecessary for
it to engage in any remedial action, provided that, in its withdrawal from
mundane affairs, it engenders new values for the future. (Resulting in: Advancement).
Transformation sequence Where there is scope for remedial
action, there is growth through initiative. (Resulting in: Initiative).
- Getting ahead
Condition When conditions are appropriate for a network to initiate
action on mundane affairs, this should be done with determination and perseverance,
bearing in mind the need to prepare for unfavorable conditions which in their
turn will later prevail.
1. When superior values find a response in influential circles, the network
could well associate itself with this trend, provided this does not distract
it from its own line of action. (Resulting in: Controlled
2. When the initiative originates in the light of superior values, the
network should not hesitate to apply its own resources to the task, for such
action must necessarily contribute to ultimate success. (Resulting in: Recovery).
3. When the network is succeeding in its initiative, there is a danger
that lack of vigilance may lead to careless mistakes, which may however be
remedied by responsible action. (Resulting in: Peace).
4. The action is benefitted when the network is open-minded in its approach
to those of ability who are attracted by its initiative. (Resulting in: Elective
5. The network should act with self-restraint in order to attract those
of quality capable of undertaking all that is required by the initiative
without interference. (Resulting in: Limitation).
6. A network which has withdrawn from mundane affairs may under certain
circumstances initiate new action for the benefit of those it attracts. (Resulting
Transformation sequence The results of initiative call
for recognition. (Resulting in: Recognition).
the effort it devotes to comprehending
the significance underlying externalevents,
acquires the power to apply that understanding to influence events. This power can be recognized by others, who
may in turn be influenced by it to take the actions of the
network as a mode] for their own.
1. Whilst it is to be expected that some can only be superficially affected
by a profound understanding of events, it is to be regretted when the network
of superior values contents itself with a shallow, disconnected view of the
forces prevailing in society as a whole. (Resulting in: Assistance).
2. Whilst for some it is sufficient to view the world from a subjectively
limited standpoint, this narrowness is harmful in the case of the network which
must take an active part in the affairs of the world. (Resulting in: Barrier
3. When it focuses on recognition of its own nature and the effects it creates,
this may be a basis for the network to determine whether or not it is developing. (Resulting
4. The network should facilitate independent action by those who understand
how it can be made to flourish. (Resulting in: Stagnation).
5. Self-evaluation by the network of superior values will only bring satisfaction
when its effects are beneficial and free of mistakes. (Resulting in: Deterioration).
6. The network detached from mundane affairs will most benefit society when
exploration of psycho-social processes brings recognition of how it may avoid
being responsible for generating negative effects. (Resulting in: Solidarity).
Transformation sequence Recognition of the relationship
between results engenders decisive integrative action. (Resulting in: Decisive
21. Decisive action
Condition When faced with deliberate hindrance to integrative
development, a network must take a just measure of decisive action against
those responsibie. Such hindrances increase when norms are unclear and there
is negligence in ensuring that they are respected.
1. If the network responds mildly to any initial departure from norms this
should constitute sufficient warning against repetition of the infringement (Resulting
2. If the response of the network to frequent infringement of norms is
excessive, this should not be regretted since the results are merited. (Resulting
3. Although no other course is possible, if the network lacks the power
and authority to back up its censure when norms have been infringed, strong
negative feelings will be engendered against it, placing it in a somewhat
humiliating position. (Resulting in: Normative
4. If those infringing norms are powerful, the network can only succeed
in censuring them by acting with great clarity and force. (Resulting
5. In order to respond impartially, the network should be constantly aware
of the dangers associated with the responsibility it has assumed in censuring
infringement of norms. (Resulting in: Spontaneity).
6. If those infringing norms fail to respond to censorship by the network,
misfortune inevitably results. (Resulting in: Crisis
Transformation sequence Rather than acting crudely, decisive
integrative action calls for a graceful style. (Resulting in: Style).
Condition A network may succeed in matters of lesser importance by
gracefully respecting the sensitivities of those concerned. Fundamental or
controversial issues cannot however be resolved by cultivating an appropriate
image in this way,
1. When the network is in a subordinate role, the gracefulness of self-reliance
leads to greater success than the surreptitious acceptance of assistance. (Resulting
2. The network risks deluding itself if it attaches greater importance
to the form of its actions than to their substance. (Resulting in: Conservation).
3. The gracious style of the network may prove so enchanting to all concerned
that the vigilance necessary for the success of its action is lost. (Resulting
4. The network may find that more significant relationships are possible
by acting simply than by depending on the trappings associated with a gracious
mode of response. (Resulting in: Normative
5. Once the network has chosen to abandon dependence on a gracious mode
of action, it will at first be embarrassed when attempting to relate to those
of superior values who only attach significance to the substantive contributions
it has to make (Resulting in: Community).
6. In the final stage of the network's development, the form of its action
no longer disguises the substance but rather expresses its value to the full. (Resulting
Transformation sequence Excessive emphasis on style leads
to deterioration (Resulting in: Deterioration).
Condition Under certain conditions of society infer/or values may
predominate. A network of superior values is wise to accept this phase of
events calmly rather than vainly attempting to counteract it.
1. Those of inferior values may initiate schemes to undermine the position
of the network by intriguing against its supporters. (Resulting in: Support).
2. The network, isolated by the initiatives of those of inferior values,
may be destroyed unless it can rapidly adjust its position. (Resulting
3. Provided it is able to enhance the expression of its superior values,
the network may disassociate itself from those of inferior values, who will
then oppose it actively. (Resulting in: Inaction).
4. Events can deteriorate to the point at which the network is unable to
avoid misfortune. (Resulting in: Progress).
5. Those of inferior values may be attracted by the superior values of the
network and voluntarily accept its guidance. (Resulting in: Recognition).
6. As support for the network increases, the strategies of those of inferior
values become progressively more self-destructive. (Resulting in: Receptivity).
Transformation sequence Deterioration cannot continue indefinitely,
thus recovery finally commences. (Resulting in: Recovery).
point - Return
Condition A network may recover spontaneously from adverse conditions,
with the old patterns being transformed naturally into the new. This process
of renewal should not be disturbed by acting prematurely.
1. Occasionally the network will not be able to avoid adopting inferior values,
at least to some degree; such errors should not be regretted if they are rectified
promptly. (Resulting in: Receptivity).
2. Renewal calls for a positive decision by the network to confirm the stability
of the new order; this is best done in a supportive environment. (Resulting
3. Renewal is not impossible, even if the network is so unstable as to be
repeatedly attracted to inferior values, only to renounce them after each such
deviation. (Resulting in: Decline).
4. Although in an environment dominated by inferior values, the network may
renew itself in isolation by responding to superior values. (Resulting
5. If the time is appropriate for renewal, the network should publicly recognize
any errors in its old pattern of actions, rather than reinforcing them with
trivial arguments. (Resulting in: Initial
6. If the network does not take advantage of an appropriate occasion for
renewal, it is condemned, by its own attitude, to an extended period of unfortunate
conflictual relationships with its environment. (Resulting in: Support).
Transformation sequence Recovery lifts the weight of the
past leading to innocent spontaneity. (Resulting in: Spontaneity).
Innocence - Instinctive goodness - Integrity
Condition A network is most successful when it acts spontaneously
in response to emerging events rather than on the basis of some pre-defined
program. However, the guidance of such instinctive certainty leads to misfortune
unless it is correctly rooted in superior values.
1. The network can be confident of success when it acts on impulses involving
no expectation of gain. (Resulting in: Stagnation).
2. The network's activity can succeed if each phase is carried out for its
own sake and irrespective of any possible result. (Resulting in: Careful
3. Even though the network acts without expectation of gain, it should be
prepared to adjust to the possibility of misfortunes arising from external
events. (Resulting in: Fellowship).
4. No catastrophe can deprive the network of its inherent qualities, provided
it continues to uphold them. (Resulting in: Assistance).
5. In the event of catastrophe arising from external causes, the network
should take time to heal itself rather than call on external assistance. (Resulting
6. When the time is not appropriate, any spontaneous response by the network
is likely to be counterproductive. (Resulting in: Following).
Transformation sequence The excesses of spontaneity are
contained through conservation measures. (Resulting in: Conservation).
Taming power of the great - Restraint by the strong
Condition A network may be called upon lo bind together, restrain,
and care for valued features of society. Such an intimate relationship with
the products of past initiatives is in itself valuable to a network's development.
1. Vigorous action by the network may be so obstructed that, to avoid misfortune,
further efforts are best restrained. (Resulting in: Remedial
2. The forces restraining network action may be so superior that energy is
best conserved in anticipation of a later opportunity. (Resulting in: Style).
3. When there is an opportunity for action, the network should move forward
with others sharing its intent, meanwhile preparing its defences against unforeseen
problems. (Resulting in: Deficiency).
4. Prompt action by the network is necessary to forestall initiatives which
are not self-restraining. (Resulting in: Wealth).
5. The network may best counteract unruly action by changing its nature or
diverting it into appropriate channels. (Resulting in: Subtle
6. The network may achieve a position in which its influence prevails because
its action is no longer inhibited by opposing forces. (Resulting in: Peace).
Transformation sequence Conservation measures ensure that
support is provided where necessary. (Resulting in: Support).
nourishment - Wise counsel
Condition A network should be attentive to the manner in which it
supports both its own activities and those of others able to contribute to
the development of society.
1. Misfortune results when the network's self-reliance is undermined in aspiring
to the apparent advantages of others. (Resulting in: Deterioration).
2. Misfortune results when the network fails to become self-reliant and persists
in depending on others. (Resulting in: Deficiency).
3. The network cannot be successful if it seeks advantages for their own
sake and thus becomes dependent upon them. (Resulting in: Style).
4. When the network is in a position of influence, it should seek out others
of the right quality to assist in achieving advances for society as a whole. (Resulting
5. If deficiences in its mode of action prevent it from contributing effectively
to the development of society, the network should seek the advice of those
of superior values. (Resulting in: Assistance).
6. When the network becomes a source of influence in sustaining society,
it can best continue in this role by being aware of the dangers of such responsibility. (Resulting
Transformation sequence Continual build-up of support leads
to importance. (Resulting in: Importance).
Preponderance of the great - Excess - Great gains
Condition Circumstances may be such that a network of superior values
experiences a period of great potential influence. This condition is necessarily
unstable and the possible transition to other conditions should be carefully
explored, whatever sacrifices these may then demand.
1. In undertaking any new initiative under favourable conditions, the network
should take extreme care in its preparations. (Resulting in: Resolution).
2. Under favourable conditions, the establishing of a relationship with those
of inferior values may offer the possibility of renewal to the network. (Resulting
3. If the network is reckless in its initiatives and ignores advice, favourable
conditions are destabilized and catastrophe may result. (Resulting in: Adversity).
4. The situation may be stabilized with the assistance of those of inferior
values, but the result will be unfortunate if the network achieves this out
of self-interest. (Resulting in: Basic
5. If the network abandons its contacts with those of inferior values, the
cultivation of its contacts with those of superior values will further destabilize
the situation rather than leading to its renewal. (Resulting in: Endurance).
6. Under exceptional conditions the task faced can be so dangerous that the
network may have to accept that it may accomplish its aim only by sacrificing
its very existence for the values in question. (Resulting in: Encounter).
Transformation sequence Excessive importance is underminded
by persistence. (Resulting in: Persistence).
Condition A network may succeed through persisting in its course
of action, responding appropriately to difficulties as they emerge. In this
way the difficulties may subsequently be used as a form of protection.
1. The network should avoid adapting permanently to dangers for this may
prevent it from functioning appropriately in a normal environment. (Resulting
2. When faced with danger, the network should assess the situation and act
with caution. (Resulting in: Solidarity).
3. In certain dangerous circumstances, inaction is preferable to action which
may aggravate the situation for the network. (Resulting in: Basic
4. In times of danger, the network can usefully base its relationships on
simplicity of substance rather than on complex forms of protocol. (Resulting
5. Danger will be increased if the network has ambitions beyond its capacities
and the opportunities of the moment. (Resulting in: Controlled
6. If the network becomes confused in its strategy in a highly dangerous
situation, it is unlikely that this can be immediately remedied. (Resulting
Transformation sequence Persistence is only effective if
there are normative constraints. (Resulting in: Normative
30. Normative constraint
mean - Model of elegance
its nature a network is conditioned and
unable to act freely, It may best achieve success by recognizing the beneficial limitations on which it can usefully
depend. Through such voluntarycompliance,
develops the clarity of perception required for effective action.
1. The network should maintain its composure in the midst of the confusion
of society, so it may concentrate attention on the initial phases of any
new action. (Resulting in: Marginality).
2. The network acts with greatest skill when striking a fruitful balance
between extreme strategies. (Resulting in: Wealth).
3. Recognition of the network's transitory nature should induce comprehension
of how it is fulfilled by playing its role in historical processes, rather
than encouraging despair or efforts to avoid despair. (Resulting in: Decisive
4. If the network is overactive it may rapidly deplete its internal resources,
without achieving any lasting effect. (Resulting in: Style).
5. At the peak of its activity the network may derive long-term benefit
by recognizing the transitory nature of its preoccupations. (Resulting
6. In inducing discipline within itself or society, the network should
eradicate the promoters of inferior values, whilst tolerating the weakness
of those persuaded to follow them. (Resulting in: Prosperity).
Transformation sequence Normative constraints operate
through mutual influence. (Resulting in: Influence).
Condition Success results from mutual attraction. This may be
induced by a network of superior values whose openness to counsel is a fruitful
influence on such relationships.
1. Until the intention of the network has a visible effect it has no positive
or negative influence on society. (Resulting in: Revolution).
2. The network runs the risk of misfortune if it acts before being impelled
to do so by a genuine influence. (Resulting in: Importance).
3. To avoid humiliation, the network should cultivate restraint in selecting
the influences to which it responds and should exercise control on the response
itself. (Resulting in: Congregation).
4. The influence of the network is most successful and widespread when
it results from an appreciation of its intentions rather than from a deliberate
effort to manipulate some target group. (Resulting in: Obstruction).
5. If the network's influence is primarily focused on its own actions,
such closure to outside influence in turn limits its influence upon society. (Resulting
6. Any attempt by the network to influence society through words alone
is necessarily insignificant and without consequence. (Resulting in: Withdrawal).
Transformation sequence Influence can only be effective
if it endures. (Resulting in: Endurance).
Condition A network may be characterized by a selfrenewing movement
acting alternately on itself and on society. For a network of superior values
this ensures a flexibility in response to the environment which is grounded
on an inner directive that governs all its actions.
1. The network can only ensure enduring effects through careful action over
a long period that precludes any form of precipitate action. (Resulting
2. If the strength of the network is greater than its material resources,
successful control may avoid an inappropriate response. (Resulting in: Conscientiousness).
3. Inconsistency on the part of the network, in response to external events,
leads to unexpected forms of humiliation. (Resulting in: Liberation).
4. For the network to achieve success through persistence, it is necessary
that the action should be appropriate. (Resulting in: Advancement).
5. If the network undertakes an active role, it should remain flexible in
adapting to circumstances in the light of its enduring values; whereas in a
passive role, it should be consistent in conforming to external guidelines. (Resulting
6. If the network is permanently agitated, any attempt to produce enduring
effects is undermined. (Resulting in: Cultural
Transformation sequence Endurance cannot continue indefinitely,
therefore withdrawal takes place. (Resulting in: Withdrawal).
Condition A network may usefully withdraw when faced with opposing
forces favored by the current circumstances of society. For the retreat to
be constructive it should be carried out with acts of resistance which prepare
the way for later counter-movement.
1. The retreating network should not take any initiative if it is in immediate
contact with the opposing forces. (Resulting in: Fellowship).
2. Those of inferior values may maintain such close contact with the network
that they are successful in achieving superior goals. (Resulting in: Encounter).
3. The network may only achieve the freedom to retreat by taking responsibility
for those who would otherwise prevent it, but this course carries its own
risks. (Resulting in: Stagnation).
4. The network of superior values adapts easily and harmoniously to the
process of retreat from those of inferior values who degenerate when deprived
of such guidance. (Resulting in: Development).
5. The network must judge the time for retreat correctly, and act firmly,
or else run the risk of unpleasant discussion of irrelevant matters. (Resulting
6. Once the network has ceased to identify with the prevailing conditions
it acquires the ability to act fully in following the most appropriate line
of retreat. (Resulting in: Influence).
Transformation sequence Withdrawal cannot continue indefinitely,
hence power becomes evident. (Resulting in: Power).
of the great - Great vigor
Condition A network of superior values may acquire great strength
and run the risk of depending upon that strength alone. True power is only
exhibited when that strength is used in the service of a higher cause.
1. If the network attempts to use its strength from an inferior position
it courts disaster. (Resulting in: Endurance).
2. As resistance breaks down, the network may easily become self-confident
and lose the advantage of balanced use of its force. (Resulting in: Prosperity).
3. The network should avoid displays of power for their own sake, especially
because of the complications to which they lead. (Resulting in: Elective
4. When all resistance disappears, the network is free to use all its powers,
although the less this is apparent the greater its effectiveness. (Resulting
5. When all resistance has disappeared, it is no longer desirable for the
network to act forcefully and decisively. (Resulting in: Resolution).
6. The network should discontinue its initiative if, having proceeded too
far in its actions, it encounters complications which hinder any further
action. (Resulting in: Wealth).
Transformation sequence Power cannot be restrained indefinitely,
hence progressive expansion occurs. (Resulting in: Progress).
Condition A network may achieve great progress when it is able
to influence others to collaborate in the light of superior values. Progress
may be accompanied by expansion.
1. The network's initiative may fail to meet with a positive response from
those calling for progress and it should not run the risk of making mistakes
through being perturbed by this. (Resulting in: Decisive
2. The network should continue in its efforts, even though progress is
blocked and inspiration lost, for the latter will return when it can be based
on fundamental principles not centred on the narrow preoccupations of the
network. (Resulting in: Transformation
3. The network may be encouraged by the support of others, even though
it is unable to succeed without their assistance. (Resulting in: Marginality).
4. The network should avoid the temptation of using its position to accumulate
advantages, especially since such abuse tends to be discovered in times of
progress. (Resulting in: Deterioration).
5. The network should appreciate the values of its influential position
in promoting the progress of society, rather than regretting lost opportunities
in which its own narrower interests could have been advanced. (Resulting
6. The network may act aggressively to rectify conditions opposing progress
among its own contacts but should be aware of the dangers of such a procedure,
particularly when extended to others. (Resulting in: Enthusiasm).
Transformation sequence Progressive expansion eventually
encounters resistance leading to decline. (Resulting in: Decline).
Unappreciated intelligence - Darkening of the light Injury
Condition In adverse circumstances a network should not reveal the
values it holds and thus provoke opposition. Rather it should appear to accept
the prevailing standards and mode of behavior whenever this is necessary.
1. Faced with opposition, the network may limit its objectives but will nevertheless
face continuing opposition if it remains true to its principles. (Resulting
2. Although handicapped by opposing forces, the network may concentrate
beneficially on assisting others who are also at risk. (Resulting in: Peace).
3. In the process of establishing a new order, the network may contain
the initiator of the opposition, but premature consolidation of such a victory
should be carried out with caution if the habits of the old order have become
too well-entrenched. (Resulting in: Recovery).
4. The network may be able to avoid being drawn into disaster by being
well informed concerning the intentions of the initiator of the opposition. (Resulting
5. If the network is obliged to remain under the influence of the opposing
forces, it can only survive intact through the exercise of dissimulation
and considerable caution. (Resulting in: Accomplishment).
6. The forces in opposition to the network of superior values turn upon
themselves at the height of their power and cause their own destruction. (Resulting
Transformation sequence Decline eventually necessitates
a withdrawal into a community context. (Resulting in: Community).
Condition A network con only influence others effectively when its
external initiatives are consistent with its own internal mode of organization.
A community context is most favorable to this.
1. Within the network a measure of discipline is necessary in order that
each member learns to fulfil his or her own function to enable the network
to undertake external initiatives successfully. (Resulting in: Development).
2. The network should concentrate on 'keeping its own house in order' rather
than undertaking initiatives based on force. (Resulting in: Subtle
3. In disciplining itself the network should seek a careful mean between
the excesses of indulgence and severity, although under exceptional conditions
the latter may be necessary. (Resulting in: Assistance).
4. In manifesting its principles in a role of stewardship, the network
contributes significantly to the well-being of society. (Resulting in: Fellowship).
5. The character of the principles governing the network may be such that
no disciplinary action is required to achieve the necessary effects (Resulting
6. The quality of the achievements engendered by the principles of the
network is the fundamental force holding it together. (Resulting in: Accomplishment).
Transformation sequence When the community context proves
inadequate, misunderstandings and opposition arise. (Resulting in: Opposition).
Condition The preservation of the individuality of a network
of superior values can only be achieved through creative opposition
to those of inferior values. It on this basis that order is engendered.
Faced with opposition and misunderstandings a network should concentrate
on minor initiatives.
1. The network should avoid the consequences of attempting to ensure unity
through forceful action since the temporarily estranged will re-establish contact
of their own accord and those who impose themselves will eventually drift away. (Resulting
2. Informal contacts may suffice when misunderstandings prevent the network
from establishing formal relationships with its natural partners. (Resulting
3. Despite opposition and discouragement, the network can succeed if it
discovers a trustworthy partner of complementary nature. (Resulting in: Wealth).
4. Although isolated in opposition to others, the network will eventually
succeed through maintaining contact with a natural partner. (Resulting
5. The opposition faced by the network may initially prevent recognition
of a trustworthy partner with whom it is beneficial for it to work. (Resulting
6. The isolation experienced by the network may be due to opposition based
upon misunderstanding which once clarified permits fruitful collaboration. (Resulting
Transformation sequence Through misunderstandings and
opposition, difficulties and obstructions are created. (Resulting in: Obstruction).
Condition When faced with difficulties and obstacles to the achievement
of its intentions, a network of superior values searches for errors in the
assumptions underlying its initiative, thus creating the opportunity for its
own further development.
1. The network, when faced with obstacles, should retreat temporarily in
anticipation of a more appropriate occasion for action. (Resulting in: Accomplishment).
2. When its obligations so dictate, the network should attack the obstacle
directly rather than seeking ways to circumvent it. (Resulting in: Basic
3. If the network has others dependent upon it, whose existence would be
endangered by its failure, it is preferable for it to avoid tackling the
obstacle. (Resulting in: Solidarity).
4. It is preferable for the network to avoid hasty action against an obstacle
in order to gather support and make adequate preparations. (Resulting
5. Despite the importance of the obstruction, if the network is totally
committed to the task it will attract collaborators with whom success may
be achieved. (Resulting in: Unpretentiousness).
6. If a network no longer concerned with mundane affairs is faced with
obstructions, it can through its experience and insight bring about a solution
of special significance, rather than vainly attempting to avoid the issue. (Resulting
Transformation sequence Obstructions cannot persist indefinitely,
thus eventually liberation is achieved. (Resulting in: Liberation).
Release - Deliverance - Elimination of obstacles
Condition When a network is liberated from the obstacles which have
hindered its initiatives, any remaining problems should be cleared up rapidly
without dwelling unduly on the misdeeds of those responsible for the obstacles.
1. After liberation has been achieved, the network should recuperate in peace
and refrain from immediate action. (Resulting in: Elective
2. Full commitment by the network to just action undermines the efforts of
those who seek to prevent liberation by influencing those in power. (Resulting
3. After liberation, the network should take care not to flaunt its successes
and thus attract those capable of appropriating them. (Resulting in: Endurance).
4. In anticipation of liberation, the network should disassociate itself
from casual collaborators who are liable to discourage offers of support from
more deeply committed potential partners. (Resulting in: Controlled
5. To achieve liberation successfully, the network of superior values must
avoid affirming any contribution from those of inferior values, thus encouraging
them to withdraw. (Resulting in: Adversity).
6. The network will achieve liberation successfully it acts forcefully to
remove those of inferior values who have reached key positions of power. (Resulting
Transformation sequence The process of liberation necessarily
results in some loss and deficiency. (Resulting in: Deficiency).
of excesses - Decrease
Condition A network may experience a decrease in the external resources
available. This situation may be used to clarify and strengthen the inner
resources on which it can draw for future undertakings.
1. In accepting assistance, the network of superior values should take care
not to overstrain the abilities of those offering it, nor should it exploit
them. (Resulting in: Inexperience).
2. In order for the network to be able to provide assistance of enduring
significance to others, it must take care not to overstrain its own resources. (Resulting
3. Collaborating with two partners in an undertaking leads to an unstable
situation for the network resulting in the alienation of one of them, whereas
a partner will be found if the network undertakes an initiative alone. (Resulting
4. If the network is able to reduce its defects this encourages those who
are well-disposed to collaborate. (Resulting in: Opposition).
5. If those in power appoint the network to perform a key role there is nothing
to prevent its success. (Resulting in: Essential
6. Every increase in the power of the network may be such as to benefit others,
rather than to deprive others of benefits. (Resulting in: Initiative).
Transformation sequence If deficiency persists it eventually
evokes assistance. (Resulting in: Assistance).
Condition By sacrificing its own interests in favor of the development
of others, a network may temporarily create conditions in which great progress
can be made. The development of the network itself may be brought about
by adopting the positive attributes of others and eliminating its own defects.
1. The network should use any major assistance it receives from those in
power for initiatives which it would not otherwise be able to undertake. (Resulting
2. The network brings about its own development by producing in itself
the necessary conditions and identifying with the progressive spirit of the
times. (Resulting in: Essential
3. In times of great progress even unfortunate events may be advantageous,
releasing the network from error and enabling it to act with authority according
to the needs of the moment. (Resulting in: Community).
4. The network may usefully function, especially with respect to major
undertakings, as an intermediary between those in power and those who should
benefit from such progress. (Resulting in: Spontaneity).
5. The beneficial influence of the network's assistance results from its
expression of an inner necessity for which recognition is sufficient reward. (Resulting
6. If the network fails to assist in the progress of others it isolates
itself and exposes itself to attack. (Resulting in: Initial
Transformation sequence If assistance continues long enough
a new resolution emerges. (Resulting in: Resolution).
Condition As any struggle against opposing forces begins to bear fruit,
a network should ensure that the resolution of the conflict is based on an
amicable union from a posilion of strength, free from compromise or any concealment
of the network's own defects. It should avoid the use of force and concentrate
on the redistribution of the advantages it accumulates.
1. Whilst resistance is still strong, the network should avoid any hasty
implementation of its resolution that could result in major setbacks. (Resulting
2. If the network is vigilant it engenders attitudes appropriate to cautious
resolution of the conflict. (Resulting in: Revolution).
3. If the network is obliged to maintain relationships with those of inferior
values to avoid jeopardizing resolution of the conflict, it will have to
endure a period of condemnation by those actively combatting such values. (Resulting
4. The network may identify so closely with action to resolve the conflict
that its obstinacy raises obstacles and prevents it from benefiting from
advice. (Resulting in: Waiting).
5. The efforts of the network against those of inferior values in positions
of power must constantly be renewed, especially because of the obligation
to maintain a relationship with them. (Resulting in: Power).
6. When the objective appears to have been achieved, the network should
act resolutely to eliminate any remaining vestiges of the old order, especially
those rooted in its own attitudes. (Resulting in: Creativity).
Transformation sequence Resolution and the associated
action lead to new encounters. (Resulting in: Encounter).
Contact - Infiltration of the inferior - Coming to meet
Condition A network may find itself attracted by initiatives made
by those of inferior values. Although apparently harmless, according them
recognition allows them to develop, possibly leading to a dangerous condition,
unless they are free from ulterior motives.
1. If a measure of acceptance has been accorded to those of inferior values
by the network, they must be constantly held in check to prevent undesirable
developments. (Resulting in: Creativity).
2. If those of inferior values have been successfully contained by the
network, care must be taken not to allow them to develop their influence
through contact with others unable to maintain such control. (Resulting
3. If the network is tempted to collaborate with those of inferior values,
but is prevented by circumstances from doing so, the errors that are liable
to result from such indecision may be avoided by becoming aware of the dangers. (Resulting
4. If the network is unable to tolerate those of inferior values, they
cannot be called upon for assistance in time of need. (Resulting in: Penetrating
5. The network may tolerate and protect collaborators of inferior values,
relying solely on the superior qualities of its influence as a means of successfully
controlling them. (Resulting in: Cultural
6. A network no longer concerned with mundane affairs may be able to tolerate
the reproaches of those of inferior values with whom it refuses to associate. (Resulting
Transformation sequence A multiplicity of encounters leads
to congregation. (Resulting in: Congregation).
- Gathering together
Condition When circumstances promole congregation in society, a network
of superior values, to be capable of focusing this process, should ensure
that it is itself well integrated. It should also be prepared to counteract
1. The network can facilitate formation of a group by encouraging individually
those that have not yet committed themselves. (Resulting in: Following).
2. The process of congregation is assisted by a recognition of mutual complementarity
with which the network should work, rather than acting on the basis of arbitrary
decisions. (Resulting in: Adversity).
3. If a group has already formed from which the network is isolated, it can
best succeed by allying itself with some of those at the centre, despite the
initial humiliation. (Resulting in: Influence).
4. The network is successful when it acts as a focus for a group united for
a higher cause. (Resulting in: Solidarity).
5. In acting as a focus for a group, the network attracts some people only
because of the influence it acquires in the process; this necessitates special
efforts to gain their confidence. (Resulting in: Enthusiasm).
6. If the desire of some to group together is misunderstood, their expression
of regret can usefully enable the network to revise its views and bring about
the alliance. (Resulting in: Stagnation).
Transformation sequence Congregation creates an environment
permitting advancement. (Resulting in: Advancement).
Condition A network may benefit from circumstances to rise to a position
of influence through unrelenting effort in circumventing obstacles to its
1. In a position of obscurity, the network can derive strength and encouragement
for its progress from those in position of power, who also benefit thereby
from such a link to their origins. (Resulting in: Peace).
2. Even though the network is unsubtle in its relationships with others,
it may succeed in advancing because of recognition of the strength of its inherent
qualities. (Resulting in: Unpretentiousness).
3. In the absence of obstacles, the network should take advantage of the
opportunity to advance, rather than being preoccupied prematurely with how
long such advance will be possible. (Resulting in: Controlled
4. In attaining its goal, the network becomes accepted by those in positions
of influence and thus achieves enduring significance. (Resulting in: Endurance).
5. The network should progress steadily rather than becoming overconfident
and impatient. (Resulting in: Basic
6. The network should take care to avoid committing itself to advancement
for its own sake, and thus become unable to retreat when necessary. (Resulting
Transformation sequence Continual advancement eventually
leads to adversity and exhaustion. (Resulting in: Adversity).
Oppression - Exhaustion
Condition Under adverse circumstances a network should accept restraint,
whilst remaining (rue to its principles in anticipation of future opportunities.
Such restraint may be due to oppression or to the exhaustion of its own resources.
1. Faced with adversity, the network should overcome its own negative response
to the situation which otherwise will undermine its ablity to act. (Resulting
2. Even though external circumstances are satisfactory, the network must
concentrate on overcoming inner restraints in order to be able to respond to
opportunities offered by those in power. (Resulting in: Congregation).
3. The network should avoid being oppressed by restraints which are engendered
solely by its own indecisive mode of action. (Resulting in: Importance).
4. If endowed with resources it wishes to use for the benefit of others,
the network may find itself temporarily impeded by its own uncertainty and
the distractions of its peers. (Resulting in: Persistence).
5. Although intent on initiatives for the general well-being, the network
may find itself obstructed by those in power, in which case progress comes
slowly provided it does not lose its equanimity. (Resulting in: Liberation).
6. The network may be restrained principally by the assumption that any action
is fruitless, in which case a change of attitude should enable it to break
free. (Resulting in: Conflict).
Transformation sequence Extremes of adversity necessitate
a concentration on basic needs. (Resulting in: Basic
48. Basic need
potentialities - Well
Condition In order to engender appropriate order in society, a network
must ensure that this fulfills the basic needs of humanity, rather than those
defined by convention. In doing so care is required and excesses should be
1. If the network dissipates its energies on trivia, it loses all significance
for others and will be ignored. (Resulting in: Waiting).
2. If the network neglects to make use of its positive qualities and associates
with those of inferior values, it will deteriorate and be unable to accomplish
anything of significance. (Resulting in: Obstruction).
3. Under unfortunate circumstances, the network of superior quality may
not be known to those in power nor made use of by others. (Resulting
4. It may be of greater long-term benefit for the network to reorganize
itself, even though it is temporarily unable to act. (Resulting in: Importance).
5. Despite the value of the network as a catalyst for social renewal, it
is useless unless this potential is translated into practice. (Resulting
6. The network is of greatest value when as a result of the demands made
upon it, it becomes a self-renewing source of inspiration and assistance
to all in need. (Resulting in: Penetrating
Transformation sequence Persisting inequalities in access
to basic needs eventually engender revolution. (Resulting in: Revolution).
Condition A network having the confidence of others may be obliged to
respond to emerging crisis conditions by promoting social transformation
in order to meet the needs of the underprivileged.
1. The network should refrain from initiating radical change until it is
absolutely necessary. (Resulting in: Influence).
2. When all other initiatives have failed, revolution may be initiated by
the network after careful preparation and bearing in mind the condition to
be brought about. (Resulting in: Resolution).
3. After the need for social transformation has been repeatedly expressed,
action may be undertaken by the network; this should avoid the errors of ruthless
haste and hesitant conservatism. (Resulting in: Following).
4. To be successful, the network should ensure that the radical change undertaken
is based on the superior values it embodies which people will support as being
instinctively just. (Resulting in: Accomplishment).
5. The authority of the network of superior values will be acknowledged during
social transformation if clear principles of organization are formulated in
a manner all can understand. (Resulting in: Prosperity).
6. Once the social transformation is underway, those of inferior values will
adapt in the light of their own interests and the network should not expect
more of them than conditions permit. (Resulting in: Fellowship).
Transformation sequence The most transformative revolution
is that available through the cultural heritage. (Resulting in: Cultural
50. Cultural heritage
Cauldron - Sacrificial vessel - Rejuvenation
Condition Society is nourished by its cultural heritage, a vehicle
through which human values are consecrated. A network embodying this heritage
can succeed by ensuring an appropriate relationship between its existence
and its sense of destiny.
1. Irrespective of its humble origins, the network may succeed if it is prepared
to refine and develop its mode of action. (Resulting in: Wealth).
2. The network should undertake significant initiatives, for even though
these may expose it to criticism, the later will not prevent success. (Resulting
3. If its effectiveness is severely handicapped by lack of recognition, associating
the network with superior values will ensure success when the opportunities
emerge. (Resulting in: Transformation
4. If the network is inadequate to the challenge it faces, and associates
with those of inferior values, its initiatives will probably fail. (Resulting
5. If the network is in a position of influence, and attracts able assistance
through the quality of its action, it should then take care not to modify its
style. (Resulting in: Encounter).
6. The network is most successful if the power and severity of its counsel
is expressed in a form which others find agreeable. (Resulting in: Endurance).
Transformation sequence The protection of the cultural heritage
necessitates crisis preparedness. (Resulting in: Crisis
51. Crisis preparedness
- Shock -
Condition In order to fulfill a leadership role, a network should
be capable of accepting any external shock and recognizing the nature of the
response required by it.
1. The relief experienced following a shock may place the network at an advantage
compared to others who did not experience it. (Resulting in: Enthusiasm).
2. If the network is endangered as a result of severe shock, it should
withdraw until the crisis is over rather than acting vainly to recover
its losses before the appropriate opportunity. (Resulting in: Elective
3. The network is liable to be overwhelmed by an external shock unless
it can learn from it and respond to the opportunities it presents. (Resulting
4. The response of the network will be dangerously handicapped if the
shock offers no opportunity for it to act. (Resulting in: Recovery).
5. In the event of a multiplicity of shocks, the network can best survive
by moving with the flow of events. (Resulting in: Following).
6. If the shock is confusing others, so that they are unable to respond
effectively, the network can best prepare to respond by withdrawing from
the situation, even though this may invite disapproval. (Resulting
Transformation sequence Crises cannot continue to emerge
if inaction is cultivated. (Resulting in: Inaction).
Keeping still - Desisting - Resting - Mountain
Condition The effectiveness of action initiated by a network is
largely dependent on the equanimity with which it is able to assess what is
required. A network should be able to pause before action is required.
1. By pausing before action has been initiated, the network avoids mistakes
although it runs the risk of irresoluteness. (Resulting in: Style).
2. By ceasing to act, the network may avoid a disaster into which those
it supports are drawn, without however being able to assist them. (Resulting
3. Enforced inaction will not induce in the network the tranquillity required
to envisage appropriate initiatives. (Resulting in: Deterioration).
4. The ability of the network to restrain its impulsive responses is valuable,
even through this does not prevent it from being perturbed by doubts and
restlessness. (Resulting in: Marginality).
5. In contrast to occasional well-formulated statements, injudicious pronouncements
by the network can have regrettable consequences. (Resulting in: Development).
6. The network may achieve a continuing quality of tranquillity from which
it can respond appropriately to all demands made upon it. (Resulting
Transformation sequence Inaction cannot continue indefinitely,
thus at some stage development commences. (Resulting in: Development).
Gradual progress - Growth
Condtion In order to engender lasting development, a network should
act slowly over an extended period of time, both to establish cooperative
relationships and to increase its own influence so that its initiatives
1. Difficulties and criticism experienced by the network in the early phases
of its action may ensure successful development by preventing excessive haste. (Resulting
2. The initial success of the network provides it with a sense of security
and encouragement as a basis for further action and collaboration. (Resulting
3. The network will succeed if it avoids provoking conflict and concentrates
on developing and protecting its own position. (Resulting in: Recognition).
4. If the process of development places the network in an awkward or dangerous
position, it should be adaptable in order to locate a secure position from
which to continue its action. (Resulting in: Withdrawal).
5. Due to action by those of inferior values, once it is in a position
of influence the network may become isolated and be temporarily misjudged
by those on whom it is most dependent. (Resulting in: Inaction).
6. Once the work of a network of superior values is completed it can become
a striking example for those who may follow in its stead. (Resulting
Transformation sequence Development permits the establishment
of elective affinities. (Resulting in: Elective
54. Elective affinity
- Marrying maiden
Condition As a complement to its formal relationships, a network may
beneficially engage in integrative initiatives, based on spontaneously emergent
sympathetic relations with others, provided that these are conducted with
reserve and mutual respect.
1. The network may successfully wield influence through informal relationship
with those in power, even though this relationship cannot be formally recognized. (Resulting
2. The network can benefit by maintaining its loyalty to those in power,
even though they no longer acknowledge some pre-existing informal relationships
with them. (Resulting in: Crisis
3. Frustrated by the lack of success of its formal initiatives, the network
may enter into a constraining informal relationship which is not compatible
with its assessment of its own value. (Resulting in: Power).
4. Out of respect for its principles, the network may beneficially delay
establishing relationships until the appropriate opportunity occurs. (Resulting
5. If the network originated in an influential context, it may enter into
a beneficial relationship with others of more humble origins, provided it
places itself at their service and does not draw attention to any fortuitous
differences. (Resulting in: Solidarity).
6. The network will not benefit from entering into a superficial relationship
with others, especially if it is not based on shared respect for superior
values. (Resulting in: Opposition).
Transformation sequence The establishment of elective
affinities creates an environment favourable to general prosperity. (Resulting
Condition Because of the probability of subsequent decline, only
a network that acts optimistically without regret can effectively sustain
a time of general prosperity. In so doing careful attention should be paid
to the enforcement of agreed rules.
1. To engender prosperity through a relationship with those in power, the
network needs to temper the qualities of wisdom with those of energetic action
for an adequate period, in order to achieve an acknowledged influence. (Resulting
2. If the network undertakes initiatives, when its relationship with those
in power has been distorted by mistrust due to usurpers, action becomes impossible;
it is then preferable for it to uphold its principles as an indirect influence
that can ultimately have the necessary effect. (Resulting in: Power).
3. When in a role as immediate assistant to those in power, the network
does not merit censure if usurpers prevent it from acting. (Resulting
4. The network can expect success when it is able to temper the qualities
of energy with those of wisdom in a favourable relationship with those in
power. (Resulting in: Decline).
5. If in a position of power the network is open to counsel from those
of ability, it will accumulate useful proposals resulting in benefit to all. (Resulting
6. The network may achieve a position of power and affluence for itself,
but only at the cost of alienating all those depending on it. (Resulting
Transformation sequence When prosperity declines from
its own excesses, estrangement and marginality result from the destruction
of relationships. (Resulting in: Marginality).
- Newcomer -
Condition When a network has no established position or relationships
in society, it succeeds best by engaging in short-term activities with those
of superior values such that it is not drawn into conflict situations.
1. It is counterproductive for the isolated network to undertake trivial
initiatives in order to achieve favour in the eyes of others. (Resulting
2. The isolated network viewed favourably by others eventually finds a
foothold in society and attracts permanent support. (Resulting in: Cultural
3. By acting discourteously and interfering in the affairs of others, the
isolated network may well lose any foothold it has in society and alienate
its support, thus placing it in a very vulnerable position. (Resulting
4. Disguising its aspirations, the isolated network may obtain a provisional
position in society by limiting its publicly voiced requirements, but any
resources it can the accumulate will have to be constantly protected, leaving
it with a permanent sense of insecurity. (Resulting in: Inaction).
5. In order to establish a relationship with those in power and develop
contacts with others, the isolated network can best succeed through a demonstration
of its qualities, on the basis of which it can then be recommended. (Resulting
6. If, having established a position in society, the network acts imprudently,
forgetting its marginal status as a newcomer, it may be rejected, losing
all it was in the process of building up. (Resulting in: Conscientiousness).
Transformation sequence Marginality cannot be absorbed
or controlled by the environment and thus gives rise to penetrating clarity
of perception. (Resulting in: Penetrating
57. Penetrating clarity
Gentleness - Willing submission - Wind
Condition A network of limited resources may best achieve lasting
success by acting gradually and persistently towards a clearly defined goal
in association with others in a position of power. Its influence results from
penetrating clarity of judgment that disempowers those with ulterior motives.
1. The clarity of understanding of the network may promote indecision when
resolute action is to be preferred. (Resulting in: Subtle
2. Strenuous effort should be devoted by the network to tracing and eliminating
any elusive negative influences by which initiatives are being distorted. (Resulting
3. Excessive reflection by the network on a possible initiative undermines
its credibility. (Resulting in: Barrier
4. The network is assured of success if, in a position of responsibility,
it combines the qualities of experience, unpretentiousness and energetic action. (Resulting
5. When reforms can be gradually introduced by the network, this is best
done on the basis of careful preliminary study, with corresponding follow-up
evaluations of the appropriateness of the action. (Resulting in: Remedial
6. If the network has the ability to trace negative influences to the instigating
body, but no longer has the strength to combat it, then such action is best
avoided. (Resulting in: Basic
Transformation sequence Use of penetrating clarity leads
to a sense of vitality. (Resulting in: Vitality).
Condition A network can best ensure the injection of vitality into
its undertakings by engaging in stimulating interaction with others so as
to provide a multi-faceted optimistic basis for its initiatives.
1. The network may benefit from a self-sustaining sense of vitality and optimism
which is not dependent upon reinforcement by others. (Resulting in: Adversity).
2. The network can avoid regrettable consequences by not indulging in the
interaction proposed as stimulating by those of inferior values. (Resulting
3. The vitality of the network should be engendered by it in light of its
own values rather than deriving from participation in external distractions
in which it may become dangerously absorbed. (Resulting in: Resolution).
4. So long as the network has difficulty in choosing between the stimulation
of dynamics based on superior and inferior values, it remains subject to inner
conflicts. (Resulting in: Limitation).
5. The network should protect itself from association with disintegrative
influences, however stimulating, because of the harmful effects they may gradually
engender. (Resulting in: Elective
6. The network may become so involved in the stimulation of external distractions
that it no longer retains any effective control over it own actions. (Resulting
Transformation sequence Vitality in action leads to the
dissolution of barriers. (Resulting in: Barrier
59. Barrier dissolution
- Scattering -
Condition A network can best dissolve divisive barriers preventing
collaboration by promoting awareness of underlying unity and solidarity
in a manner which engages emotions engendered by superior values.
1. The network should act vigorously to counteract divisive misunderstanding
before it has fully taken form. (Resulting in: Essential
2. When the network recognizes a tendency on its own part to establish
barriers against others, it should make deliberate efforts to remedy the
situation through its supporters. (Resulting in: Recognition).
3. Circumstances may be such that the network can act best by dissolving
all barriers distinguishing itself from others, in order to marshal resources
for an initiative in the interest of all. (Resulting in: Penetrating
4. When acting in the general interest, the network can only have a lasting
effect if it ceases attaching special importance to its immediate relationships
and supporters. (Resulting in: Conflict).
5. When society is fragmented by many barriers, the network may provide
a powerful idea to dispel misunderstandings, as a focus for the emergence
of a new order. (Resulting in: Inexperience).
6. Faced with extreme divisiveness, the network may usefully reduce the
danger to itself and to its immediate contacts by dispersing in order to
re-assemble on another occasion. (Resulting in: Persistence).
Transformation sequence The elimination of barriers
cannot continue indefinitely, thus the need for limitation emerges. (Resulting
Condition In order that its freedom of action may acquire significance,
a network should operate under constraints that distinguish ils activities
from those of others. Limits should however be set upon limitation of this
kind to prevent such discrimination from becoming unbearable to the network
itself or to others.
1. Faced with insurmountable limitations, the network should forego action
until an appropriate opportunity arises for a forceful initiative. (Resulting
2. When the moment for action arises, the network should not hesitate in
seizing the opportunity. (Resulting in: Initial
3. If the network acts only in its self-interests, it may easily fail to
recognize the need for the limits and restraints without which it will make
regrettable mistakes. (Resulting in: Waiting).
4. The network avoids waste of its resources, and may achieve success,
through working with limitations rather than against them. (Resulting
5. If a network in a position of influence first imposes limitations upon
its own action, its achievements under these conditions constitute an example
to others who will then accept similar restrictions more readily. (Resulting
6. Although imposition of excessive limitations may prove unbearable to
the network and to others, such ruthlessness applied to itself may under
certain circumstances be the only means for the network to uphold its principles. (Resulting
Transformation sequence Through limitation, dependence
on essential quality is assured. (Resulting in: Essential
61. Essential quality
Inner truth - Sincerity - Inner confidence
Condition A network may succeed by influencing the most intractable,
if it is able to identify with their condition, sincerely affirming the
importance of essential qualities that it shares with them. These may take
the form of fundamental principles.
1. The power of fundamental principles upheld by the network is progressively
undermined to the extent that it loses its self-reliance through dependence
on secret agreements with others. (Resulting in: Barrier
2. Through the fundamental principles which it upholds, the network of
superior values may exert a far-reaching influence that attracts others without
any intent to achieve this end. (Resulting in: Assistance).
3. The vitality of the network may be dependent, for better or for worse,
on the vagaries of the fundamental nature of its relationship with others. (Resulting
4. To increase the power of its fundamental principles, the network should
concentrate on deepening its understanding of superior values governing action
beyond the domain of factionalism. (Resulting in: Careful
5. The network in a position of power may succeed in linking others together
in a non-superficial manner through the fundamental quality of the multi-faceted
influences engendered by its action. (Resulting in: Deficiency).
6. The network should be aware of relying on accepted formulas to awaken
a shared sense of fundamental solidarity, for such standard appeals may fail
when they are most needed. (Resulting in: Limitation).
Transformation sequence Limitation and dependence on essential
quality enable actions to be undertaken conscientiously. (Resulting in: Conscientiousness).
Preponderance of the small
Condition Faced with a challenge for which it is not fully competent,
a network of superior values can best succeed by acting with extreme prudence
and attention to detail, especially in support of those not in a position
1. The network should employ conventional measures whenever possible, avoiding
the depletion of resources and the risk of failure associated with extraordinary
measures. (Resulting in: Prosperity).
2. Under exceptional circumstances the network may best succeed through extreme
restraint and conscientious fulfilment of its obligations. (Resulting in: Endurance).
3. Exceptional circumstances require that the network pay attention to details
through which it may learn of dangers that otherwise it would be unable to
avoid. (Resulting in: Enthusiasm).
4. Under certain circumstances the network should refrain from action until
a more opportune moment, rather than render itself vulnerable to dangers through
persisting in its own initiatives. (Resulting in: Unpretentiousness).
5. In exceptional circumstances the isolated network, able to bring about
order in society, should seek assistance from others on the basis of their
genuine achievements rather than their claims to fame. (Resulting in: Influence).
6. If the network fails to exercise self-discipline at a time when attention
to detail is required, it is unlikely to be successful in its initiative. (Resulting
Transformation sequence Conscientiousness ensures the accomplishment
of initiatives. (Resulting in: Accomplishment).
Condition Once the transition from the old to the new order has been
accomplished with the exception of details, a network should take considerable
care to ensure that the harmony with which events evolve during their final
phases does not encourage negligence that enables the seeds of an inferior
order to take root once again.
1. A successful transition immediately encourages widespread pressure for
further development, which the network should resist in order to avoid the
dangers of enthusiastically overshooting the goal and jeopardizing all that
has been achieved. (Resulting in: Obstruction).
2. Following a successful transition, those acquiring power tend to become
arrogant and neglect to offer roles to those wishing to participate, thus
encouraging discreditable position-seeking manoeuvres; these the network
should avoid in the expectation that appropriate opportunities will emerge
in due time. (Resulting in: Waiting).
3. Following successful transition, the network together with others will
tend to struggle to expand the new order into neighbouring domains functioning
under an old order; any success should not then be undermined by using those
of inferior values to control such domains. (Resulting in: Initial
4. Following successful transition, the scandals that may come to light,
and which are readily forgotten by others, should be treated by the network
as important indicators of possible future difficulties. (Resulting in: Revolution).
5. Following successful transition the network should take care to continue
the sincere affirmation of superior values, since this tends to evolve under
the new order into an elaborate ritual from which significance easily disappears. (Resulting
6. Fascination for the old order, from which a successful transition has
been made, may prevent the network from appropriately consolidating what
has been achieved. (Resulting in: Community).
Transformation sequence Accomplishment cannot exhaust
the potential for further transformation. (Resulting in: Transformation
64. Transformation threshold
Before completion - Tasks remaining
Condition When all has been prepared for transition to a new order
that can transform a fragmented condition of society, a network should act
with deliberation and caution to determine how the available resources can
best be applied to achieve the desired effect.
1. As a response to the prevailing lack of order, the network may act prematurely
in order to achieve something tangible, thus increasing the risk of failure. (Resulting
2. The network should develop its own resources so that they are adequate
to the task, but should refrain from using them until the time is ripe. (Resulting
3. At the moment for transition, the network may lack the resources to complete
the task as required, in which case qualified assistance should be obtained. (Resulting
4. During the struggle to bring about the transition and overthrow the old
order, the network should avoid doubt and lay the foundation for the future. (Resulting
5. Justifying its efforts, the network may succeed in its struggle so that
superior values become explicit in the envisaged order and the influence it
has on society, especially in contrast to that which preceded it. (Resulting
6. On the threshold of the new era convivial celebration is appropriate, but
the network should take care not to lose its self-control and thus jeopardize
what could be achieved. (Resulting in: Liberation).
Transformation sequence Further transformation calls for
creativity. (Resulting in: Creativity).