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23 June 2014 | Draft

Supplementary References for Blackbird Song


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Annex to Anticipating When Blackbirds Sing Chinese: conversion from tweets to songbites to ensure integrity of communication (2014)


These references were noted in the process of isolating those most relevant to the argument of the main paper -- which are presented there under References. The significance of those presented here lies primarily in offering insight into the range of themes discussed in the extensive literature on blackbirds and bird song.


Thierry Aubin, Nicolas Mathevon, Maria Luisa da Silva, Jacques M.E. Vielliard and Frederic Sebe. How a simple and stereotyped acoustic signal transmits individual information: the song of the White-browed Warbler Basileuterus leucoblepharus. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 76, 2004, 2 [text]

L. D. Beletsky, S. Chao, and D. C. Smith. An investigation of song-based species recognition in the red-winged blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus). Behaviour, 73, 1980, pp. 189-203

Eliot A. Brenowitz:

Susan E. Cosens and J. Bruce Falls. Structure and Use of Song in the Yellow-headed Blackbird (Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus). Zeitschrift für Tierpsychologie, 66, 1984, 3, pp. 227-241 [abstract]

Emily R. A. Cramer and J. Jordan Price. Red-winged blackbirds Ageliaus phoeniceus respond differently to song types with different performance levels. Journal of Avian Biology, 38, 2007, 1, pp. 122-127 [abstract]

Torben Dabelsteen and Simon Boel Pedersen:

Torben Dabelsteen, Ole Næsbye Larsen and Simon Boel Pedersen. Habitat-induced Degradation of Sound Signals: quantifying the effects of communication sounds and bird location on blur ratio, excess attenuation, and signal-to-noise ratio in blackbird song. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 93, 1993, 2206 [abstract]

Torben Dabelsteen, Peter K. McGregorab, Helene M. Lamp, Naomi E. Langmore and Jo Holland. Quiet Song in Song Birds: an overlooked phenomenon. Bioacoustics: The International Journal of Animal Sound and its Recording, 9, 1998, 2, pp. 89-105 [abstract]

S. T. Emlen. An experimental analysis of the parameters of bird song eliciting species recognition. Behaviour, 41, 1972, pp. 130-171

C. Hartshorne. The monotony-threshold in singing birds. Auk, 73, 1956, pp. 176-192

R. D. Heinz, J. M. Sinnott and M. B. Sachs. Auditory sensitivity of the red-wing blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus) and brown-headed cowbird (Molothrus ater). J. comp. physiol. Psychol., 91, 1977, pp. 1365-1376

R. A. Hinde (Ed.). Bird Vocalizations: their relations to current problems in biology and psychology (Essays Presented to W. H. Thorpe). Cambridge University Press, 1969 [review]

John R. Kirn, Robert P. Clower, Donald E. Kroodsma and Timothy J. Devoogd. Song-related brain regions in the red-winged blackbird are affected by sex and season but not repertoire size. Journal of Neurobiology, 20, 2004, pp. 139-163 [abstract] *****

M. Konishi. Evolution of design features in the coding of species-specificity. Am. Zool., 10, 1970, pp. 67-72

J. R. Krebs. The significance of song repertoires: the Beau Geste hypothesis. Animal Behviour, 25, 1977, pp. 475-478

Donald E. Kroodsma:

Donald E. Kroodsma and Bruce E. Byers. The Function(s) of Bird Song. Amer. Zool. 31, 1991, 2, pp. 318-328 [abstract].

Donald E. Kroodsma and R. Baylis. Appendix: A world survey of evidence for vocal learning in birds. In: D.E. Kroodsma, E.H. Miller and H. Ouellet (Eds.), Acoustic Communication in Birds Volume 2: Song Learning and its Consequence. Academic Press, 1982. pp. 311 337

Bernard Lohra, Timothy F. Wright and Robert J. Dooling. Detection and discrimination of natural calls in masking noise by birds: estimating the active space of a signal. Animal Behaviour, 65, Issue 4, April 2003, Pages 763-777 [abstract]

Peter R. Marler and Hans Slabbekoorn. Nature's Music: the science of birdsong. Academic Press, 2004

P. Marler, P. Mundinger, M.S. Waser and A. Lutjen. Effects of acoustical stimulation and deprivation on song development in red-winged blackbirds (Agelaius phoeniceus). Animal Behaviour, 20, 1972, pp. 586-606

Solange Mendes and Víctor J. Colino-Rabanal. Bird song variations along an urban gradient: the case of the European blackbird (Turdus merula). Landscape and Urban Planning, 99, 2001, 1, pp. 51-57 [abstract]

E.S. Morton. Ecological sources of selection on avian sounds. Am. Nat., 108, 1975, pp. 17-34

Marc Naguiba and R. Haven Wiley. Estimating the distance to a source of sound: mechanisms and adaptations for long-range communication. Animal Behaviour, 62, 2001, 5, pp. 825-837 [abstract]

Erwin Nemeth and Henrik Brumm. Blackbirds sing higher-pitched songs in cities: adaptation to habitat acoustics or side-effect of urbanization? Animal Behaviour, 78, 2009, 3, pp. 637-641 [abstract]

G. H. Orians and G. M. Christman. A comparative study of the behavior of red-winged, tricolored, and yellow-headed blackbirds. University of California Publications in Zoology, 84, 1968, pp. 1-85

F.W. Peek. An experimental study of the territorial function of vocal and visual display in the male red-winged blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus). Animal Behaviour, 20. 1972, , pp. 112-118

Erwin A. P. Ripmeester, Anne M. De Vries and Hans Slabbekoorn. Do Blackbirds Signal Motivation to Fight with Their Song? Ethology, 113, 2007, 11, pp. 1021-1028 [abstract]

W. A. Searcy. Female choice of mates: a general model for birds and its application to red-winged blackbirds (Agelaius phoeniceus). ***Am. Nat., 114 (1979), pp. 77-100

Douglas G. Smith:

Douglas G. Smith and D. O. Norman. 'Leader-follower' singing in red-winged blackbirds. The Condor, 81, 1979, pp. 83-84

Douglas G. Smith and F.A. Reid. Roles of the song repertoire in red-winged blackbirds. **** Behav. Ecological Sociobiology, 5, 1979, pp. 279-29

D. W. Snow. The Breeding of the Blackbird, Song Thrush, and Mistle Thrush in Great Britain Part II. Clutch-Size. Bird Study, 2, 1955, 2, pp. 72-84 [text]

William Homan Thorpe. Duetting and Antiphonal Song in Birds: its extent and significance. Brill Archive, 18, 1972

Dietmar Todt. On Functions of Vocal Matching: effect of counter-replies on song post choice and singing. Zeitschrift für Tierpsychologie, 57, 1981, 1, pp. 73-93 [abstract]

Ken Yasukawa:

K. Yasukawa, J. L. Blank and C. B. Patterson. Song repertoires and sexual selection in the Red-winged Blackbird. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology September 1980, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp 233-238 [abstract]

K. Yasukawa, E. I. Bick, D. W. Wagman and P. Marler. Playback and speaker-replacement experiments on song-based neighbor, stranger, and self discrimination in male Red-winged Blackbirds. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 10, 1982, 3, pp. 211-215 [abstract]

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