30th November 2006 | Uncompleted draft
Diversity of Understandings of any Universe of Information
from matter-as-information to cosmic consciousness
- / -
Annex 1 of
Towards an Astrophysics of the Knowledge Universe: from astronautics to noonautics?
cult cat ***
As noted above, the following approaches to understanding any universe of
knowledge -- however it is termed -- are considered indicative of the the
challenge as much as variously offering insights of different kinds of relevance.
A major reason for this overview is to indicate the extent to which there is
an increasing degree of formal similarity, and/or overlap, that is evident
(or claimed) between:
- the material universe (now understood
- the universe of knowledge (as conceptual order and pattern)
- universal enlightenment
- universal mind
- the universe of biological species (to be understood as information)
- a cultural universe
- a personal universe
- Gnostic Logos
- Net of Indra 377
- cosmic consciousness (Telihard)
- Omniscient mind
- universe of cyberspace 233
- global electronic mind
- electromagnetic universe
- Gaian Mind
- ecology of mind
- universe of spirit
- collective intelligence -- Pierre Levy -- cosmopedia
- mundus imaginalis 243
- universal machine
- universal cellular automata
- universe as logical matric of information algorithms
of a "universe of knowledge" (tentative)
(as logical matrix of information algorithms)
Ecology of mind
| Universe of spirit
Net of Indra
| Cultural universe
| Universe of cyberspace
World Wide Web
| Global Brain
Global electronic mind
A1: Observational universe /
A2: Material universe
Electromagnetic universe see Davis 62
A3: Universe as information
Universe as information (perspective of physics)
A helpful overview in Future
Feeder; Journal of Architecture and Information (2005, 1) states:
Much of physics and cosmology now thinks of information as ranking with
matter and energy as a fundamental property of the universe. With this ranking
comes the notion that information can be transformed (including to and from
matter and energy) but it cannot be destroyed...
This leads to speculation
that the universe is constituted of 2D membranes (i.e. information), and
that our 3D world is a holographic projection from such a membrane. If information
is the fundamental constituent of reality, there might be implications for
how we understand every aspect of reality, from physics to architecture.
This view may be partly traced back to Alan
Turing, now seen as a precursor in the new field of philosophy
of information (cf Luciano Floridi, What
is the Philosophy of Information?,
Metaphilosophy, 2002, (33), 1/2)
Reality is then understood to consist of mass, energy and information. Like
light, which is either a particle or a wave, information
is then either mass or energy, depending on the way it is measured or observed.
- Simon Berkovich. Prediction of the Virgo axis anisotropy: CMB radiation illuminates
the nature of things [text]
Various authors as schools of thought associated with this perspective focus
on themes such:
- matter as information
- energy as information
- information as matter/energy [discussion]
- Vince Cornellier. Information as Energy - From Dewey Decimal to Quantum:
Is the Librarian the Motherboard?
Information as energy, not mass, can travel on radio waves. Cornell Center
for Materials Research, 2005 [text]
Roy Freed. Updating the law to recognize that human minds as well
as computers process information as energy signals. Yale Information
Society Project, 2006: Roy Freed will start by briefly describing the
early history of computer law, which he introduced in 1960 and for which
he was the initial primary exponent. He then will point out the related
basic facts that human minds are biological machines that literally purposefully
process some still unknown form of electrochemical signals and that,
hence, all information is various forms of energy signals, and will identify
many legal ramifications of those facts. Those signals include those
internal electrochemical ones; the external analog sound waves and light
photons by which people communicate naturally; and the electromagnetic
and optical pulses on which computers operate and by which they communicate.
He will show that it is essential to accept those facts to enable many
legal fundamental rules to reflect accurately the circumstances to which
they purport to apply.
Universe in a computer: a programmed universe
- G. Wells Hanson. Not Impossible!: How Our Universe May Exist Inside of
a Computer. iUniverse, Inc. 2004)
- The author then delves into why the idea of the universe-as-information
appeals to theorists, resting his presentation on the weirdness of wave-particle
duality. Challenging but rewarding fare for attentive general science readers,
who might also be interested in Programming the Universe (2006),
by information theorist Seth Lloyd.
- Seth Lloyd. Programming the Universe: A Quantum Computer Scientist Takes
On the Cosmos. Knopf, 2006)
- S. Lloyd, "Universe as quantum computer", quant-ph/9912088.
the Universe: A Quantum Computer Scientist Takes On the Cosmos
by Seth Lloyd
Understanding the universe as information processing.
- Edward Fredkin
Fredkin was an early pioneer of digital physics. His main contributions include
his work on reversible computation (which presents a new solution to that
Maxwell's Demon paradox, and theoretically uses no energy) and cellular
automata. Fredkin maintains that the universe is a computer. Not that the
universe can be better understood through the metaphor of computing, but
that it is a computer. You can read more on his web site:
Universe: cellular automata
- Stephen Wolfram
In brief, Stephen Wolfram contends that Newton made a mistake when he sought
to understand the universe through mathematics -- numbers. Instead, Wolfram
contends that we should understand the universe through rules like those
in computer programs, particularly cellular automata programs.
- For more on Wolfram, go to: http://www.stephenwolfram.com/
New Kind of Science
by Stephen Wolfram
From Amazon, from Library Journal: 'Galileo proclaimed that nature
is written in the language of mathematics, but Wolfram would argue that it
is written in the language of programs and, remarkably, simple ones at that.
A scientific prodigy who earned a doctorate from Caltech at age 20, Wolfram
became a Nobel-caliber researcher in the emerging field of complexity shortly
thereafter only to abscond from academe and establish his own software company
(which published this book). In secrecy, for over ten years, he experimented
with computer graphics called cellular automata, which produce shaded images
on grid patterns according to programmatic rules (973 images are reproduced
here). Wolfram went on to discover that the same vastly complex images could
be produced by even very simple sets of rules and argues here that dynamic
and complex systems throughout nature are triggered by simple programs. Mathematical
science can describe and in some cases predict phenomena but cannot truly
explain why what happens happens. Underscoring his point that simplicity
begets complexity, Wolfram wrote this book in mostly nontechnical language.
Any informed, motivated reader can, with some effort, follow from chapter
to chapter, but the work as a whole and its implications are probably understood
fully by the author alone. Had this been written by a lesser scientist, many
academics might have dismissed it as the work of a crank. Given its source,
though, it will merit discussion for years to come. Essential for all academic
libraries. [This tome is a surprise best seller on Amazon. Ed.] Gregg Sapp,
Science Lib., SUNY at Alban. - Gregg Sapp, Science Lib., SUNY at Albany.
Copyright 2002 Cahners Business Information, Inc.'
- Some negative comments on Wolfram's book have surfaced, claiming
that much of what he says is not new, and that he does not adequately credit
others. The bottom line is that you should read the book. It is a fantastic
education in all of contemporary science, physics, computation, and information
theory, and it introduces numerous new ideas.
- More on Cellular Automata
'Cellular automata are discrete dynamical systems whose behaviour is
completely specified in terms of a local relation. A cellular automaton can
be thought of as a stylised universe. Space is represented by a uniform grid,
with each cell containing a few bits of data; time advances in discrete steps
and the laws of the 'universe' are expressed in, say, a small look-up
table, through which at each step each cell computes its new state from that
of its close neighbours. Thus, the system's laws are local and uniform….
The first cellular automaton was conceived by Von Neumann in the late forties….'
Physics From Fisher Information
- B. Roy Frieden was working enhancing satellite photos, when he began to wonder,
what is the theoretical limit of the information that can be extracted from
a fuzzy photo? That led him to Fisher Information, a branch of statistical
theory, and then to the notion that all of physics could be redone from Fisher
from Fisher Information: A Unification
by B. Roy Frieden
From Amazon: 'This book defines and develops a unifying principle of
physics, that of 'extreme physical information.' Fisher information
is a simple concept little known to physicists. The book develops statistical
and physical properties of Fisher information. This information is a physical
measure of disorder, sharing with entropy the property of monotonic change
with time. The information concept is applied 'phenomenally' to
derive most known physics, from statistical mechanics and thermodynamics to
quantum mechanics, the Einstein field equations, and quantum gravity….'
- Reviews of Physics from
Fisher Information: A Unification by Frieden:
'…This is a compilation of Roy Frieden's work in major physics
journals over the last decade deriving the basic laws of physics - relativistic
quantum mechanics, electromagnetism, gravitation, statistical thermodynamics
- from a quantity (used by mathematical statisticians and by hardly anyone
else) called Fisher Information. He derives the Klein-Gordon equation, Schroedinger
wave equations, Maxwell's equations, DeWitt-Wheeler law of quantum gravity,
and various statistical thermodynamics laws….'
- A negative review:http://cscs.umich.edu/~crshalizi/reviews/physics-from-fisher-info/
Universe as information (perspective of biology)
- Biosophy: In 1995, J Park (email@example.com), independently defined the concept of
the top level philosophy of the biological universe (http://biosophy.net/ )
Biosophy is the replacement of all the high level knowledge system such as
philosophy, science and religion. However, biosophy is mainly a theoretical
body of information architecture. For 3D representation of information such
as humans as we perceive, Biomatics (http://biomatics.net ) functions as
the main system. Biomatics perceives everthing in the universe as information
object and it analyses and engineers the biouniverse
- Biophilosophy (matter as information): Eugene Thacker. State
Biophilosophy (Or, why are state bureaucratsconducting
the 'public' debate
on biotechnology?). Mute, 2002
- These shifts inperspective are transversals, which, while acknowledging
the formation of separate disciplines, alsoarticulate differences of
all kinds across disciplines. In biotechnology; 'biological' would refer
not toan isolated knowledge of living organisms in nature, but rather to a 'bio-logic,' a
means of working with living matter as information, of approaching DNA as a
computer, of materialising studies of metabolic networks, of databases and microarrays
that differentiate and standardise the individualpatient - in short,
biotechnical practices which 'subjectify'
- Catherine Waldby. The Human Genome Project: Information, Embodiment and
Experience Sociology Brunel University [text]
- I also want to consider what this efficacy in the leveraging
of matter as information might mean for the ways that human life,
embodiment and subjectivity takes place. What is at stake in bioinformatics
and biotechnology more generally for relations between technology and embodiment?
How do the practices of bioinformatics negotiate this relationship?
Universe and order
David Layzer. Cosmogenesis: The Growth of Order in the Universe. Oxford University
B1: Infosphere / Cyberspace / World Wide Web
B2: Knowledge universe
Knowledge universe (classification / order)
RANGANATHAN AND THE UNIVERSE OF KNOWLEDGE
Farzam Arbab. Promoting a Discourse on Science, Religion, and Development.
THE LAB, THE TEMPLE, AND THE MARKET Reflections at the Intersection of Science,
Religion, and Development Edited by Sharon Harper © International Development
Research Centre 2000 [text]
The situation calls for a fresh look at the universe of knowledge and for
a new way to bring together its diverse elements in curricula that respect
the wholeness of knowledge yet anticipate specialization at a later stage.
The focus of each set of interrelated educational activities should be the
development of one or more capabilities -- scientific, artistic, technical,
social, moral, and spiritual -- endowing the individual with the understanding
of concepts, knowledge of facts, and mastery of methods, as well as the skills,
attitudes, and qualities he or she needs to lead a fruitful life. Specifically,
in this age of transition, it is imperative to endow youth with a twofold
moral purpose: to take charge of their own intellectual and spiritual growth
and to make significant contributions to the transformation of society.
Knowledge universe (information retrieval)
Karin McGuirk. Information Science and the Configuration of Meaningful Information.
University of South Africa, 2004 [text]
The way we organise recorded information (as configured and then represented
phyically) can also influence our view of ourselves, the world and others.
It is important that we have awareness of such an organising system as only
a representation (and even manifestation) of the knowledge universe, and
that it is not that universe itself. We are not prisoners to it, but retain
the choice of configuring meaningful information, and because our world of
knowledge is vastly expanding due to development in ICT, it becomes even
more imperative to be able to configure meaningful information. That is,
configuring as an active verb, and not as a passive receiving of meaningful
- W. Daniel Hillis. "Aristotle" (The Knowledge Web). Edge: The Third Culture, 138, 6 May 2004 [text]
- Lennart Björneborn. Small-World Link Structures across an Academic
A Library and Information Science Approach. Ph.D. thesis from the Department
of Information Studies,
Royal School of Library and Information Science, Denmark, 2004 [text]
- Brian R. Gaines. The Emergence of Knowledge through Modeling and Management
Processes in Societies of Adaptive Agents. Knowledge Science Institute University
of Calgary [text]
- The Concept of the Universe of Knowledge and the Purpose of LIS Classification
- Knowledge Science Institute (KSI)
- Hillary Jay Kelley. Entropy of Knowledge. Philosophy
of Science, Vol. 36,
No. 2 (Jun., 1969), pp. 178-196 [abstract]
- Ch. 0. François. HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF THE SYSTEMS SCIENCES
- Larry Kerschberg. 'The Role of Artificial Intelligence in Libraries,' The
Library Catalog: Bringing Order the Universe of Knowledge, a symposium sponsored
by the Gelman Library of George Washington University, September 23, 1987.
- Nitecki, Joseph Z. 1993. Metalibrarianship : A Model For Intellectual Foundations
of Library Information Science. http://twu.edu/library/Nitecki/Metalibrarianship,
- MIT's OpenCourseWare: -- Big Bang in the knowledge universe
- Otlet ??
Knowledge universe (semiotics)
Edwina Taborsky. The Methodology of Semiotic Morphology: An Introduction [text]
At the occasion of the fifth anniversary of the BSC, in 1989, Paul Bouissac,
quite appropriately, evaluated the results of the first eleven Bochum colloquia
as follows: 'At a time when the universe of knowledge seems to be driven
toward an indefinite, fractal expansion, with the consequence that specialties
are pushed further and further apart, BSC indefatigably, with Promethean
courage and lucidity, attempts to mend the torn fabric of a unitary science' (in
Koch: 1989 [Perspektiven]: 113).
But it wasn't until the twentieth century that information became a thing
in itself... what was once merely a category of knowledge began to mutate
into a new unit of reality itself, one that took its place alongside matter
and energy as one of the fundamental building blocks of the cosmos. If electricity
is the soul of the information age, information is its spirit... Information
emerges in the spark gap between mind and matter... the constantly shifting
borderlines around the term have lent the concept an incorporeal mystique;
despite its erstwhile objectivity, information has become an almost luminscent
icon, at once fetish and logos. Straddling mind and matter, science and psyche,
hard drives and DNA, informastion hascopme to spawn philosophies both half-baked
and profound, while also reconstructing, perhaps dangerously, our images
of mthe self and its cosmic home
B3: World Soul / Anima Mundi / Anthropological matrix
Anthropological matrix: Erik Davis cites Bruno Latour (We Have Never Been
Harvard University Press, 1993)
premodern and indigneous people wove everything, whether nature or culture,
into an immense collective network of mind and matter that he terms the anthropological
matrix. Elements thereof are best understood as "hybrids", that he calls
"speaking things", both natural and cultural, real and imagined, subject
and object (TechGnosis, p 15)
Fraser Golden Bough
Anima Mundi: The Hermetica pictured the cosmos as a living
soul, a magnetic network of correspondences that linked the earth, the body,
the stars, and the remote spiritual realms of the godhead. This anima mundi could
be accessed and tweaked by the symbolic rituals of ceremonial magic, even by
a deeply pious Christian Neoplatonist like Ficino p. 44 davis
This "enchanted but dynamic cosmos" of Renaissance Heremeticists is central
to the work on archetypal psychology promoted by James Hillman and Thomas
Moore to counteract the "withering anomie of modern life" p 44 davis
C1: Global brain / Semantic web
C2: Personalized Group/Individual knowledge "universe"
Metaverse: The word "metaverse", without capitalization, is becoming
a general term for the "universe within a universe" of a fictional
work that is created by extremely popular fandom.
Alan Richmond. Towards an Astrophysical Cyberspace: The Evolution of User
will synergize a powerful astrophysics environment.
Dynamically Gated Conceptual CommunitiesAstrophysical metaphor for evolution
of gated conceptual communities ... "Theory of Everything": Within
such a dynamically evolving knowledge universe, ...
Information and black holes
Black Holes and Information
'In 1997, the three cosmologists made a famous bet as to whether information
that enters a black hole ceases to exist -- that is, whether the interior
of a black hole is changed at all by the characteristics of particles that
enter it. Hawking's research suggested that the particles have no effect
whatsoever. But his theory violated the laws of quantum mechanics and created
a contradiction known as the 'information paradox.''
See Stephen Hawking's web site at http://www.hawking.org.uk/home/hindex.html
For the latest, see:
NewScientist.com, July 14, 2004
'After nearly 30 years of arguing that a black hole destroys everything
that falls into it, Stephen Hawking is saying he was wrong. It seems that black
holes may after all allow information within them to escape.
It might solve one of the long-standing puzzles in modern physics, known as
the black hole information paradox. In 1976, he calculated that once a black
hole forms, it starts losing mass by radiating energy. This 'Hawking
radiation' contains no information about the matter inside the black
hole and once the black hole evaporates, all information is lost.
But this conflicts with the laws of quantum physics, which say that such information
can never be completely wiped out. Hawking's argument was that the intense
gravitational fields of black holes somehow unravel the laws of quantum physics….'
For full article:
The Truth Is Still Out There
In an op-ed piece in The New York Times on August 3, 2004, Paul Ginsparg, professor
of physics and information science at Cornell University, describing the
background of the issues:
'… Near the end of a small meeting I attended in 1993, the question
of 'What happens to information that falls into a black hole?' arose,
and a democratic method was chosen to address it. The vote proceeded more or
less along party lines, with the general relativists firm in their adherence
to causality, and the quantum field theorists equally adamant in their faith
in unitarity. Of the 77 participants, 25 voted for the category 'It's
lost;' and 39, a slight majority, voted for 'It comes out,'' (that
it re-emerges). Seven voted that the black hole would not evaporate entirely,
and the remaining six voted for an unspecified 'Something else.' …'
Universe of knowledge (fractal?)
Each one of us carries within us a complex universe of knowledge, life experience,
and human relationships.
Each individual is
gifted with unique insights possessed by no one else. Almost all of this rich
treasury of information is
forever lost to mankind when we die.
Comprehensibility of the universe
Universe, the Eleventh Dimension, and Everything: What We Know and How We
Know It Book by Richard Morris; Four Walls Eight Windows, 1999
The Comprehensibility of the Universe: A New Conception of Science Book
by Nicholas Maxwell; Clarendon Press, 1998
Conceptual astronautics / navigation
Surfing: My fingers glide across the universe of knowledge A click,and
Jere W Clark. The Role of Unified Science in Vitalizing Research and Education
Designing a Vehicle for Mental Space Travel
It is common knowledge that the outstanding achievement of man to be recorded
in history for the year 1969 is expected to be the consummation of interplanetary
space travel. This year has indeed been a great year not only for the four
moon walkers but perhaps even more so for the designers, producers, testers,
launchers, and controllers of the space vehicles involved in these ventures.
Today-four days before the end of the year, 1969-- we have met to test in
a preliminary way, and to consider launching, a still more powerful and important
kind of vehicle for space travel. This is a vehicle for what might be called "interdisciplinary
mental space travel." Indeed, this vehicle is an interdisciplinary conceptual
model whereby a specialist's mind can take flight to, and land on, distant
intellectual planets, and return laden with a cargo far more valuable than
moon rocks or gold dust. Although this special kind of space vehicle is not
so romantic as those used by the moon walkers, it is far more important to
the destiny of man--and much less costly.
Unique Capabilities of Mental
Fortunately, our mental space vehicle can have built into it a number of additional
capabilities which the physical spacecraft do not have. As a stepping stone
into the question of how an interdisciplinary conceptual model of unified science
can vitalize education, we might note some of these unique qualities.
l. Exploration of Social Space
One of these extra capabilities of this conceptual model is its capacity to
explore the galaxies of social space (as well as the galaxies of physical space).
This model can link the various social disciplines with each other and with
the natural science disciplines.
People as Stargates: an alternative perspective on human relationships in space-time, 1996[text]
Entering Alternative Realities -- Astronautics vs Noonautics isomorphism between launching aerospace vehicles and launching vehicles of awareness
C3: Conscious universe
Universe of spirit: Davis 63 -- theosophists
Universal enlightenment: Tesla 88-89
Robert Neil Boyd. The Consciousness of the Universe
Universe of Consciousness
Gerald M. Edelman, Giulio Tononi. A Universe of Consciousness: How Matter Becomes Imagination. Basic Books; 2000 [review]
Richard P. Dolan:
G. Globus, "Quantum Consciousness is Cybernetic", Psyche, 2(12), August 1995.
Universe consciousness / Cosmic consciousness
Cosmic Consciousness- is science closing in
Definition: A non-physical perception that one is connected to the consciousness of other beings and places elsewhere in the universe. [text]
Conscious / Self-aware / Intelligent Universe
S. Hameroff and R. Penrose, "Orchestrated reduction of quantum coherence in brain microtubules: A model for consciousness". In: Toward a Science of Consciousness-The First Tucson Discussions and Debates, Eds. S. Hameroff, A. Kaszniak, and A. Scott. MIT Press, 1996.
S. Hameroff and R. Penrose, "Conscious events as orchestrated spacetime selections", Journal of Consciousness Studies, 3, 1, 1996, pp. 36-53.
S. Hameroff, "Funda-mental geometry: The Penrose-Hameroff Orch OR model of consciousness. In: Geometry and the foundations of Science: Contributions from an Oxford Conference honouring Roger Penrose. Oxford Press (1997).
Stuart Hameroff. Could Life And Consciousness Be Related To The Fundamental Quantum Nature Of The Universe?
H. P. Stapp:
- "Why Classical Mechanics Cannot Naturally Accommodate Consciousness but Quantum Mechanics Can", Psyche 2(5), May 1995.
- Mind, Matter, and Quantum Mechanics, Springer- Verlag, Berlin (1993).
- Consciousness and values in the quantum universe. Journal Foundations of Physics, 15, 1, January, 1985, pp. 35-47 [abstract]
P. A. Zizzi. Emergent Consciousness: From the Early Universe to Our Mind NeuroQuantology,Vol.3(2003)295-311
Goswami, Amit. The Self-Aware Universe: How Consciousness Creates the Material
World. Putnam Publishing Group, 1993.
A. Goswami, M. Goswami, R. E. Reed, and F. A. Wolf, "The Self- Aware Universe: How Consciousness Creates the Material World", Ed. J. P. Tarcher (1995).
M. Kafatos, B. Nadeau, "The Conscious Universe: Part and Whole in Modern Physical Theory", Springler-Verlag (1990).
Kurzweil, Ray. 'The Intelligent
Kafatos, Menas, and Robert Nadeau. The Conscious Universe: Parts and Wholes
in Physical Reality. 2d ed. Springer, 2000.
Lothar Schäfer. Quantum Reality and the Consciousness of the Universe. QUANTUM REALITY, THE EMERGENCE OF COMPLEX ORDER FROM VIRTUAL STATES, AND THE IMPORTANCE OF CONSCIOUSNESS IN THE UNIVERSE Zygon, 41, September 2006, p. 505; 41, 3 [abstract]
- The Conscious Universe: The scientific Truth of Psychic Phenomena. HarperSanFrancisco, 1997
- Entangled Minds: Extrasensory Experiences in a Quantum Reality. Paraview Pocket Books, 2006
Alexandre V. Boukalov:
Doug Renselle. Research Review of David Bohm's 1980 Paper The Enfolding-Unfolding Universe and Consciousness. In Lee Nichol, The Essential David Bohm
Nova Spivack, Simulated Universes and the Nature of Consciousness Minding the Planet June 2005 ** camp
Bruce Rosenblum and Fred Kuttner. Consciousness and Quantum Mechanics: The Connection and Analogies The Journal of Mind and Behavior, Summer 1999, 20, 3, pp. 229-256
Jack A. Palmer, Linda K. Palmer. Evolutionary Psychology: The Ultimate Origins of Human Behavior. Allyn and Bacon, 2001 [Consciousness and the Symbolic Universe]
Miscellaneous / Misleading
Knowledge Universe, Menlo Park: $1 billion tech training and consulting company
http://www.knowledgeu.com/ Michael Milken