12th November 2006 | Uncompleted draft
Dynamics and Singularities in the Knowledge Universe
- / -
Annex 2 of Towards
an Astrophysics of the Knowledge Universe: from astronautics to noonautics?
Dynamics: Periodic processes
The knowledge universe may be experienced as static (unchanging, discussed
above) or dynamic (changing, even evolving), or as a mixture of both. From
any particular perspective, change may be perceived to occur within the knowledge
universe, especially after a more or less extended period of observation. Certain
changes may typically only be detectable if the period of observation is a
significant proportion of the period over which they occur.
Solar orbits: With respect to a source of excitement,
giving rise to heat and light, in my immediate knowledge space, the following
orbits may be distinguished:
- Binary orbit: It is possible that the source in question
takes a binary form, typical of disciplines or religions with opposing
schools of thought that are in constant dynamic relation to each other.
This is exemplified by such cases as: intuitive and formalist mathematics,
Shia and Shiite branches of Islam, Jungian and Freudian branches of psychoanalysis
- "Mine": Typically an observer in knowledge
space occupies a particular position which effectively orbits around
the focus of that discipline, exemplified by its elites or its "star" figure.
However it is readily assumed that "my" position is static
and central, and that any "stellar" concept "rises" and "sets" in
relation to "my" position. *** stars / celebrities
- Planetary orbits: In addition to the school of thought
with which the observer is associated, other schools of thought may each
orbit around the central source of inspiration of that knowledge/belief
system. Such orbits are notably distinguished by their distance from
the central star, by their mass and by the period of their orbit. Some
may be extremely difficult to detect, especially since their visibility
is dependent on the light they reflect from their central source of inspiration.
Others may be indistinguishable, at first sight, from far more distant
- Lunar orbits: Tertiary conceptual objects may also exist
in orbital motion and their difference may, at first sight, be difficult
to distinguish from entiies that are a direct source of heat and light:
- "My" moon(s): These are the conceptual
objects that orbit around the position of an observer -- and that may
well be significantly illuminated by the central "stellar" object.
They may appear to be of equal or greater size and may well exert gravitational
effects on that position
- "My" lunar orbit: The position of an observer
may orbit around a secondary (planetary) source rather than around the
central (stellar) source of that system of knowledge. It would then be
illuminated by light from both the central source and from the planetary
- Planetary lunar orbits: Other conceptual objects in "planetary" orbit
around "my sun" may also have tertiary objects in orbit around
them, although these may be much more difficult to detect from the position
of an observer on another planet.
- Galactic orbit
- terrorism / fear
- info bomb
Dynamics: "Non-periodic" events
- Eclipses: An eclipse event
is observed when one conceptual object moves (along its orbit) into the shadow
of another. It is exemplified by the common phrase that "A eclipsed
B", where A and B are prominent objects. Thus "my" moon may
temporarily oscure the significance of "my" sun. More frequently,
the orbital movement of "my" position (as a planet) may reduce
the significance of "my" moon by preventing light from "my" sun
from reaching it. A common expression in this respect, using a different
metaphor, is the term "upstaging".
- Cometary orbits: A comet is
a relatively small conceoptual object in the local knowledge system that
orbits the central stellar focus, typically with a highly eliptical orbit
-- namely it alternates between positions extremely close to that focus and
quite distant from it. Such orbits are constantly changing, notably through
exposure to larger conceptual objects (of planetary size). They may move
into orbits that ensure collision with the stellar focus or the dynamics
may force them permanently out of the local knowledge system. An observer
may well relate to a local knowledge system in this way.
- Aperiodic (non-orbital) phenomena:
- Meteors: A meteor is
the visible path of a meteoroid that enters the Earth's (or another body's)
atmosphere, commonly called a shooting star or falling star. A meteoroid is
a relatively small (sand- to boulder-sized) fragment of debris in the Solar
System. When entering a planet's atmosphere, the meteoroid is heated up by
ram pressure and partially or completely vaporizes. The gas along the path
of the meteoroid becomes ionized and glows. The trail of glowing vapor is
called a meteor, or a shooting star. If any portion of the meteoroid survives
to reach the ground, it is then referred to as a meteorite.
- Asteroid: Asteroids,
also called minor planets or planetoids, are a class of astronomical object.
The term asteroid is generally used to indicate a diverse group of small
celestial bodies that drift in the solar system in orbit around the Sun.
- Conceptual outlaws
- true religion vs rebels
- dark matter
- earth crossing
- surprise / joke / attractor
Stellar evolution: As noted by Tim Thompson: "A star is not a
static thing, it changes with time. The process of aging in stars is called
stellar evolution. As a star ages, it goes through changes reminiscent of the
life cycles of living things, the details of which depend on the star's overall
mass. Massive stars live short but exciting lives, whereas small stars live
long, quiescent lives." [more]
The H-R diagram is considered to be a useful way to follow the changes that
take place as a star evolves [more].
Its regularity is an indication that definite laws govern stellar structure
and stellar evolution. Building mathematical models of stars, based on straight
forward physics, and allowing those models to evolve naturally in time as a
star ages, recreates the H-R diagram as it is observed -- with a surprising
degree of fidelity of agreement between theory and observation that is of great
interest in astrophysics. The ability of the theory of stellar evolution to
explain the H-R diagram in its finest details, singles out stellar evolution
as one of the most successful and productive of scientific theories. Most stars
lie on the main sequence, burning hydrogen to helium through nuclear reactions.
As they live out their lives, changes in the structure of the star are reflected
in changes in stars' temperatures, sizes and luminosities -- causing them to
move in tracks across the diagram.
Is there a case for recognizing that the life of community is determined by
the rate at which its initial unifying and energizing inspiration (with a propensity
to enter successfully into explanatory bonds) is converted into a polarized
and essentially neutral or sterile perspective? Are such possibilities suggested
by explorations such as that of Ilanit Tof (Modern
Cosmology as Psychological Metaphor, 1996)?
Theories / H-R diag:
- generating new theories
- collapse of old theories / death of proponenets / conceptual dinoasurs
/ unprocessed medieval boxes
- black hole
- H-R applied to product lifecycle analysis
through Hypercomprehension and Hyperdrive necessary complement to proliferation
of hypermedia in hypersociety, 2006): ****
The critical element in stellar
evolution (as charted by the Hertzsprung-Russell
diagram) is the increasing gravitational pressure on the core, perhaps
to be paralleled by the increasing "weight" of knowledge on the
individual or collective psyche. Two stellar cases suggest distinct psychosocial
- An average-size star sheds its outer layers as a planetary nebula -- perhaps
corresponding to Hawking's suggestion to seek refuge in space colonies? The
core that remains will be a tiny ball of degenerate matter not massive enough
for further compression to take place, supported only by degeneracy pressure,
called a white dwarf -- an image meaningful to those focused on the "end
times" scenarios of the Abrahamic
religions and their consequences for Earth?
- In larger stars, fusion continues until an iron core accumulates that is
too large to be supported by the electron
degeneracy pressure whereby two electrons cannot occupy the same quantum
state at the same time. This core will suddenly collapse as its electrons
are driven into its protons, forming neutrons and neutrinos causing the star
to explode as a supernova (or even a "hypernova").
This suggests a condition in which polarized psychosocial distinctions can
no longer be sustained and simply collapse into one another -- again an image
meaningful to those focused on religious "end times" scenarios
and the dynamic relationship between the fundamental polarities of "good" and "evil"?
Gated Conceptual Communities: emergent patterns of isolation within knowledge
society, 2004): ****
Astrophysical metaphor for evolution of gated conceptual
Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram: A good point of departure is the famed Hertzsprung-Russell
Diagram, pioneered independently by Elnar Hertzsprung (1911) and Henry
Norris Russell (1913). It is recognized as one of the greatest observational
syntheses in astronomy and astrophysics. The diagram plots the luminosity
of stars as a function of their temperature. The luminosity, or absolute
magnitude, increases upwards on the vertical axis; the temperature (or some
temperature-dependent characteristic such as spectral class or color) decreases
to the right on the horizontal axis. From this it is readily apparent that
stars preferentially fall into certain regions of the diagram along a curving
diagonal line called the "main sequence", although there are other
regions where other types of stars (red giants, supergiants, white dwarfs,
super novae, pulsars, flare stars) also fall [more].
The suggestion is that conceptually gated communities (and various kinds of
social group) emerge and live out their lives in a way that could be represented
on an analogous diagram. In public relations terms, there is already a familiarity
with the visibility of a group (its "luminosity") and a sense of
whether it is "hot" or "cool". The analogue to temperature
may be more meaningfully understood as degree of communication interactivity
amongst members of the community -- especially since temperature is associated
with interactivity between atoms. Following from work of B W Tuckman (Developmental
Sequence in Small Groups, 1963) the stages of Forming
/ Storming / Norming / Performing (see also R B Lacoursiere. The Life Cycle
of Groups: Group Developmental Stage Theory, 1980; Stan Davis, The
Life Cycle of Organizations, 1990). A sense of the knowledge exchange processes
is usefully explored by Martha G. Russell and Kaisa Still (Engines
Driving Knowledge-based Technology Transfer in Business Incubators and Their
In the case of religious groups, the life cycle has for example been characterized
by David Moberg (The Church as Social Institution, 1984) in phases:
- Energy, charisma, community, fluidity, no tradition and few rules;
- Comes as the pioneers are dying out or moving on, accompanied by appeals
from the second generation ("help us preserve the past"; "write
things down"; "train us to do what you have done"; "let
us build in some structures to make sure nothing changes");
- Good or bad, with renewal or fossilization. Either the spirit of the original
movement wins or the rules and the structure win. Either the life is renewed
and flows through the structures, or the structures stifle the life. [more]
Seemingly analogous to the H-R diagram, Lawrence Cada et al. (Shaping the
Coming Age of Religious Life, 1979), identified a "vitality curve"
in the light of a historical study of the life cycle of religious institutions.
As discussed by Mary V. Maher (Between
Imagination and Doubt: Religious Life in Postmodern Culture, 2003), Cada
distinguishes five separate stages of a religious movement's history:
- Founding: usually by a strong and visionary leader who has been forced
out or has chosen to leave a comfortable mainline institution.
- Expansion: how far and how fast depends on the culture and the historical
situation. This phase usually has two ingredients: a passionate sense of
the vision of the founder; and endless energy to communicate that vision.
- Stabilization or settled-downness: the movement becomes affirmed by society
and is legitimatized as mainstream.
- Breakdown of the structures and systems that the founder had brought forth
and that had worked during the expansion phase: This is a time of fervent
activity to 'fix' the problem, through new structures, systems,
and regulations. It is a time of increased polarization between those who
want to return literally to the founder's words and policies and those
who want to translate them into new realities. Bureaucratic survival of agencies
and their leaders means that more financial demands are placed on individual
members and congregations, but standards of belief and behavior are lessened.
Hence, a loss of attachment to the institution and loss of a sense of connectedness.
Most important of all, there is a loss of identity and loss of a sense of
a future. Change becomes unbearable for many.
- Crisis: this has two possible paths: continued decline, paralysis, and
eventual demise; or re-founding through transformation. Change and transformation
are not the same. Change is reaction to cultural realities and happens at
a point in time. Transformation happens intentionally over time. Change comes
from broken functions and structures. Transformation begins at the center
of a movement's collective soul. Mere change can be only directionless
motion and energy. Transformation re-forms. [more]
**** The metaphor is explored in italicized text in what follows.
Stellar evolution is not studied by observing the life cycle of a single star;
rather, by observing numerous stars, each at a different point in its life
cycle, and running computer models that simulate stellar structure. Following
the Wikipedia description of
such evolution, phases to be distinguished are:
- Giant molecular
interstellar cloud: This initial stage is distinguished by its very
low density and large size. It might usefully be equated to some movements
of opinion in their very first phases. The cloud is stable, its constituent
molecules being too widely spaced for gravity to draw them closer
- Protostar: The next
stage results when the cloud is destabilized, such as by a supernova sending
out a shockwave of successive compression and rarefaction (analogous to a
soundwave travelling through air), knots of matter are formed -- cores of
greater density. Diffuse movements of opinion may similarly be stimulated
to coalesce -- such as by shocks like 9/11. When the density exceeds
a certain threshold, gravity takes over, and the region begins to collapse
into a protostar (each dense core producing anywhere from 1 protostar to
tens of thousands). As exchanges increase, between those attracted to
the particular perspective, the force of attraction increases -- a centre
of gravity effectively becomes defined. The atoms gain speed in their
fall toward the center, providing the protostar with heat (heat is defined
as particle motion), a weak infrared glow, and rotation. The movement
transforms into a loose organization, exchanges may become heated, the community
becomes faintly visible, and its members may be understood as acquiring orientation. The
lowest mass stars are classified as red
dwarf stars, but even red dwarfs are massive enough to trigger hydrogen
fusion in their cores to sustain their feeble starlight. If the collapse
of the fragmenting interstellar cloud results in an object of less than about
0.08 solar masses, the central temperature and density of the protostar will
never get high enough that hydrogen fusion can take place in a sustained,
controlled manner. Such an object is a brown
dwarf. These can shine only briefly as their central temperatures are
too low to utilize hydrogen as nuclear fuel. Contraction remains the only
source of energy; they die away slowly, over hundreds of billions of years.
As it collapses, the brown dwarf will shine because it converts its gravitational
energy through contraction into luminosity -- being heated by gravitational
contraction up to 15 million degrees Kelvin, stripping the electrons from
their parent atoms, creating a plasma.
A new star emerges at a specific point on the main sequence of the H-R diagram.
New stars come in a variety of sizes and colors. Stars range from blue to
red, from less than half the size of our Sun to over 20 times its size. The
brightness and color of a star depend on its surface temperature, which depends
on its mass. According to its nature and size, a conceptually gated community
may also be understood as emerging at a specific point in a "main sequence".
The community may even be distinguished by "colour": blue, red,
green, brown, black (as explored in the UNU GPID project). The star will
rest there for a period of years: millions (for the biggest and hottest stars);
billions (for mid-sized stars like the Sun); tens or hundreds of billions
(for red dwarfs). During this time it expends most of the hydrogen in its
core. Eventually the supply of hydrogen runs out and the star enters a new
phase of its life. The community may remain in the "main sequence"
for an extensive period of time, until its supply of "inspiration"
and "vision" runs out and it enters a new phase of existence. During
this period of maturity the star's existence is a tug of war between gravity,
which wants to crush the star into a point, and the fusion going on inside,
which wants to explode the star and send pieces of it hurtling through
the universe. For the community, this period of existence is a tug of
war between the force pulling the community into a one-pointed "integral"
or "unified" perspective (most evident in the case of fundamentalism)
and the tendency to explode throughout society (again most evident in the
missionary impulse of religious and ideological groups).
of the end: Once the supply of hydrogen in the star's core is depleted,
nuclear processes there cease. A conceptually gated community is also
faced with the prospect of cessation of the core processes sustained by
its inspiration. Without the outward pressure generated by these reactions
to counteract the force of gravity, the outer layers of the star begin
to collapse inward, toward the core. The community then tends to collapse
in upon itself -- it becomes increasingly inward looking. The temperature
and pressure increase as during formation, but now to even higher levels,
until helium fusion begins. During the process of collapse of a community
the dynamics become increasingly heated -- associated with furious increase
in self-righteousness, self-justification and pressures to conform. The
newly generated heat temporarily counteracts the force of gravity, and
the outer layers of the star are now pushed outward; the star becomes as
much as 100 times larger than it ever was during its maturity. It is now
a red giant. The mass
has not increased, so its density is much lower (except in the inner core,
where the density is higher than during the hydrogen fusion phase). In
the case of a community, this might be understood as a final missionary
phase through which adherents are widely dispersed outward from
- End of
stellar lifecycle: The final phases of stellar evolution depend on
the star's mass. Similarly the final phases of evolution of a conceptually
gated community depend on the extent to which it is mass movement. Is
there a degree of equivalence to be found with the pattern of social collapse
identified by Jared Diamond.(Collapse:
How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed, 2004)?
Red dwarfs: A star with less than about half a solar
mass will never be able to fuse helium, even after the core
ceases hydrogen fusion. There simply isn't a stellar envelope
massive enough to bear down enough pressure on the core.
These red dwarf stars which live for hundreds of billions
of years. When nuclear reactions eventually ceases in their
cores, they will continue to glow weakly in the infrared
and microwave part of the spectrum for many billions of years.
The lowest mass stars are classified as red dwarf stars,
but even red dwarfs are massive enough to trigger hydrogen
fusion in their cores to sustain their feeble starlight.
Brown dwarfs: Slightly less massive objects, known
as brown dwarfs, can shine only briefly as their central
temperatures are too low to utilize hydrogen as nuclear fuel.
In the case of a brown dwarf, as contraction continues, the
speed of the atomic nuclei eventually becomes great enough
to overcome the electrical repulsion keeping them apart and
nuclear fusion occurs [more].
Eventually, its collapse will be halted by electron degeneracy.
Black dwarfs: Because it has no additional sources
of energy, the brown dwarf will continue to radiate its internal
heat until it fades out of view to become a black
dwarf. A black dwarf is the remains of a Sun-sized star
which has evolved to a white
dwarf and subsequently cooled down such that it no longer
gives out radiation. White dwarfs are so dim because they
are small and not because they are cool. A more appropriate
name for white dwarfs is degenerate dwarf. None exist in
the universe, as the time taken for a white dwarf to cool
to such a degree is longer than the lifespan of the universe
Red giant: Once a medium-size star (0.4 to 3.4 times
the mass of our Sun) has reached the red giant phase, its
outer layers continue to expand, the core contracts inward,
and core-dwelling helium atoms fuse into carbon. The fusion
releases energy, granting the star a temporary reprieve.
In a Sun-sized star, this process will take approximately
one billion years. The atomic structure of carbon is too
strong to be further compressed by the mass of the surrounding
material. No more fusion can happen. The core is stabilized
and the end is near. The star now begins to shed its outer
layers as a diffuse cloud called a planetary nebula.
White dwarf: Eventually, only about 20% of the star's
initial mass remains and it spends the rest of its days cooling
and shrinking until it is only a few thousand miles in diameter.
The star has become a white dwarf. White dwarfs are stable
because the inward pull of gravity is balanced by the degeneracy
pressure of the star's electrons. (This should not be confused
with the electrical repulsion of electrons, but is a consequence
of the Pauli exclusion principle.). No white dwarf more massive
than 1.4 solar masses can exist; electron degeneracy pressure
isn't strong enough. Consider what we know about novae: Matter
is accreted around and onto a white dwarf until it gets hot
enough to fuse, and fuses explosively. If the white dwarf's
mass is tipped over the Chandrasekhar limit (1.4 solar masses;
named for the physicist who discovered it) then electron
degeneracy pressure fails and the star collapses. This causes
the white dwarf to be blasted clean apart in a supernova
event known as a type-I supernova. These supernovae may be
many times more powerful than the death of a massive star
(a type-II supernova).
Black dwarfs: With no fuel left to burn, the white
dwarf radiates its remaining heat into icy space for many
millions of years. In the end, there is just a cold dark
mass sometimes called a black dwarf. The universe is not
old enough for any black dwarf stars to exist.
Red supergiants: Fate has something very different
-- and very dramatic -- in store for stars more than 5 times
as massive as our Sun. After the outer layers of the star
have swollen into a red supergiant (a very big red giant),
the core begins to yield to gravity and starts to shrink.
As it shrinks, it grows hotter and denser, and a new series
of nuclear reactions begins to occur, creating and expending
progressively heavier elements, temporarily halting the collapse
of the core. Eventually, several more stops down the periodic
table, silicon fuses to iron-56. Until now, the star has
been maintained by these energy-liberating fusion reactions,
but iron cannot fuse.
Supernova: There is suddenly no energy outflow to
counteract the enormous force of gravity, and the star collapses.
What happens next is not clearly understood. But whatever
it is can cause a supernova explosion in less than a fraction
of a second, one of the most spectacular displays of power
in the Universe. The accompanying surge of neutrinos starts
a shock wave, while the continuing jets of neutrinos blast
much of the star's accumulated material -- the so-called
seed elements, lighter than and including iron -- into space.
As some of the escaping mass is bombarded by the neutrinos,
its atoms capture them, creating a spectrum of heavier-than-iron
material including the radioactive elements up to uranium.
Without supernovae, no elements heavier than iron would exist.
The shock wave and jets of neutrinos continue to propel the
material away from the dying star, off into interstellar
space. Then, streaming through space, the material from the
supernova may collide with other cosmic debris, perhaps to
form new stars, or planets and moons, or to serve as raw
materials for a vast variety of living things. So what, if
anything, remains of the core of the original star? Because
we do not have a good understanding of the actual explosion
mechanism, it's not entirely clear.
Neutron stars: But it is known that in some supernovae,
the intense gravity inside the supergiant forces the electrons
into the atomic nuclei, where they combine with the protons
to form neutrons. The electromagnetic forces keeping separate
nuclei apart are gone (proportionally, if nuclei were the
size of dust motes, atoms would be as large as football stadiums),
and the entire core of the star becomes nothing but a dense
ball of contiguous neutrons, a single atomic nucleus the
size of Manhattan. This is a neutron star. It is still an
open question whether or not all supernovae do form neutron
stars, however. It is believed that if the stellar mass is
high enough, the neutrons themselves will be crushed and
the star will collapse until its radius is smaller than the
Schwarzschild radius and it becomes a black hole. However,
our understanding of stellar collapse is not good enough
to tell us whether it is possible to collapse directly to
a black hole without a supernova, if there are supernovae
which then form black holes, or what the exact relationship
is between the initial mass of the star and the final object
The challenge is to explore ways of mapping various organiational types (see
below) onto the different stages of stellar evolution and the varieties of
stellar objects that can be formed. Of paticular interest is the ways that
different groups use the energy resources at their disposal to become "massive",
highly "visible", "attractors" (of greater or less attractivity),
and "active" (as opposed to being characterized as static).
Club of Rome
Order of Druids
The Black Hole metaphor and the American Way of Life (AWOL)
as Eve-ill Empire: Evocation of Authenticity Elsewhere, 2003):
Characteristics of black holes relevant to their significance as a societal
metaphor include (see: Matt McIrvin, FAQs
on Black Holes; Ted Bunn, Black
Holes FAQ; Cole Miller, Black
Holes and Neutron Stars ) are noted in the table below. The metaphor was
explored by Peter Russell (The White Hole in Time, 1992) to reconcile
understandings of future human evolution and the "meaning of now"
-- although significantly his focus was on the contrasting metaphor of "white"
holes. The black hole metaphor is presented here as being more consistent with
the dynamics of the USA within the world system -- namely as a semantic black
As explicitly affirmed by George Bush Sr (Earth Summit, 1992): "The
American Way of Life is not negotiable". This way of life must therefore
be sustained by resources continually drawn from the surrounding system --
irrespective of whether this is thereby endangered. The notion within such
dynamics of any endangerment elsewhere is in fact then meaningless. The principal
resource acknowledged as vital to sustaining this way of life is oil. However
other primary commodities are similarly drawn in from "developing countries".
The "black hole" also serves as a prime attractor for individuals
-- as associated with the "brain drain" process from other countries.
|Some similarities between
material and societal black-hole dynamics (tentative)
Astrophysical black hole
Societal black hole (AWOL)
|Simplest objects in the universe having only
3 characteristics: mass; spin rate (angular momentum), and electric charge
||Simplest form of social organization having only
3 characteristics: "material resources"; "spin" (capacity
to "play the angles"); "binary" orientation
|a region of space that has so much mass concentrated
in it that there is no way for a nearby object to escape its gravitational
|| the pattern of resource concentration in the
monopolar system supporting the AWOL and its function as an attractor
|dependence on mass concentration pulled in from
neighbouring regions of space
||dependence on resource concentration as in the
monopolar system supporting the AWOL
|accumulation of matter
||accumulation of resources
|concentration of mass such that there is no way for a nearby
object to acquire the escape velocity to escape its gravitational pull
||concentration of society making it impossible for people
to escape its attractive power
severe distortion of space and time; strange
properties because the the usual rules of geometry no longer apply
|severe distortion of conceptual frameworks and
normal rules of society (legality, morality, ethics, boundaries) notably
regarding property and the role of time
|event horizon, namely a spherical boundary that can be crossed
to enter but cannot be crossed to exit; known as the Schwarzschild radius;
it is the radius below which gravitational attraction between the particles
of a body must cause it to undergo irreversible gravitational collapse.
||event horizon that makes it impossible to commit to any alternative
attractor, once the line has been crossed
|invisibility due to the fact that no light can
exit across the event horizon
||a form of invisibility in that it is impossible
to communicate its nature to people before they are already captured by
it; information cannot be communicated out of it because things change
so rapidly within it; the invisibility may be described in terms of processes
of denial (as with the institutionalized inability within the USA to recognize
its support of state terroism in Nicaragua)
|movement within the black hole inexorably closer
to the singularity at its centre which cannot be avoided -- due to reversal
of the roles of time and radius
||accelerating movement to accumulate, consume
and emulate that draws people into a tunnel logic
|singularity at the centre having unknown properties
||ultimate singular transformation as a process
|stripping inorganic atomic and sub-atomic bonds
||stripping organic and psychosocial bonds
usually formed in the final stage of the evolution
of an extremely massive star collapsing (via a high density neutron star)
in a supernova; density of a neutron star is one hundred trillion times
the density of water.
possibly formed by the process of collapse
of an extremely massive social system such as a superpower, notably through
the collapse of its logical framework and value system
|any amount of mass can in principle be made to form a black
hole if it can be compressed to a high enough density, as with the Relativistic
Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC)
||types of "black hole" have been described in relation
to extreme negativity; it is also possible that one could be created as
a result of the collision of heavy egos -- "Relativistic Heavy Ego
|initial weightlessness in falling in
||initial experience of freedom on entering the AWOL
|subsequent tidal forces (caused by the difference in gravitational
force between two points) pulling differentially to tear any mass apart.
This difference may be greatly enhanced over smaller and smaller distances
causing the famed spaghettification effect on an object closing in on the
black holes event horizon, such that an object approaching a black hole
is stretched lengthwise and compressed widthwise.
||subsequent psychosocial forces pulling differentially to
break any psychosocial bonds
|increasing speed of fall
Ironically one of the prime features of the dynamics associated with a singularity,
like a black hole, is the manner in which "mass" is subjected to
enormous forces and is effectively distorted and "destroyed" -- through
action of compressive forces. The matter that forms a black hole is crushed
out of existence; a black hole represents matter that leaves only its gravity
behind. A monopole could then indeed be described as a "weapon of mass
-- being dependent on such destruction for its survival.
In general systems terms, there is a case for exploring the isomorphism between
the evolution of stars -- as portrayed by the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram in
terms of a star's luminosity vs. its temperature [more; more;
more] -- and the evolution of civilizations. Ironically the HR diagram has
been extensively used as a basis for predicting extraterrestrial life [more; more],
but not apparently for exploring how hegemonic civilizations collapse and engender "black
The monopole metaphor also draws attention to the socio-political dynamics
of monopoly -- notably of economic form. The monopolar system reinforces the
engendering of economic monopolies through the progressive consolidation of
independent undertakings. Indeed it might be argued that it is the pressures
of the "black hole" dynamics which inexorably "crush" social
entities forcing them into consolidated form in a manner echoed by the "crushing"
of matter as it enters a black hole.
A major characteristic of a black hole is the degree to which its dynamics
distort the movement of light effectively causing the black hole to be invisible
except by contrast with its surroundings. Much has been made of the existence
of an event horizon that constrains vision from within the dynamics
of the black hole. Any event inside the event horizon can never be communicated
to the universe. This phenomenon might prove to be a useful way of exploring
the degree of denial within the AWOL, distorting facts known elsewhere (notably
with respect to state-supported terrorism) so as to blame the victim or opponent.
From within the AWOL it will never be possible to accept any proof regarding
the numbers slaughtered by AWOL initiatives -- notably in the light of the
levels of proof required of Iraq in relation to weapons of mass destruction.
But, conversely, the AWOL will never be able to prove that it has not covered-up
the slaughter of thousands or planted evidence to legitimate its logic.
Another major characteristic of a black hole is the speed of movement associated
with its dynamics -- with which the rapid pace of the American Way of Life
is consistent. Typically change is perceived as increasingly mechanical or
inorganic -- in contrast with the kinds of change characteristic of organic
systems, ecosystems and human learning systems which "take time" to
grow. In addition to the speed is the acceleration within a black hole. Again
the acceleration of the American Way of Life has been the subject of extensive
comment (James Gleick, Faster: the acceleration
of just about everything, 1999; Jeremy Rifkin, Time Wars: The Primary
Conflict in Human History, 1989).
There is also a recognition, notably tracked by the Singularity Watch of the Institute
for Accelerating Change, that the ever-increasing rate of technological
change in our local environment will undergo a "singularity," becoming effectively
instantaneous from the perspective of current biological humanity. It has
been postulated that events after this point must also be "future-incomprehensible" to
Peter Russell (The Whitehole in Time, revised as Waking
Up in Time: Finding Inner Peace in Times of Accelerating Change )
has explored the doubling effect of such acceleration in social systems
in terms of black hole dynamics and has commented on Terence McKenna's
computation of such a point of total collapse at 21 December 2012 [more].
Of special interest is the singularity that is the centre of black hole dynamics.
In the psycho-social terms relevant to the Armageddon
Lobby mentioned earlier as "trying to hurry up God", notably
the Christian right associated with the PNAC initiative, this singularity may
be best understood in terms of Armageddon and the biblically prophesied "rapture"
on which there are many web resources [more; more; more].
As with a black hole singularity, the evangelical perspective holds that the
world is being driven inexorably towards the moment of rapture. The term "rapture"
does not appear in the scriptures. There are however references to the manner
in which people will be caught up and raised up -- expressions that could well
be associated with an analogue to the strange physics at the centre of a black
hole -- the enraptured become enwrapped and entrapped. Access to this process
is restricted in biblical prophecy to a limited group of people -- namely the
evangelical Christians with which George Bush is explicitly associated and
by which he is notably supported [more; more].