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Christian concepts To be born again in Christianity Christianity is a monotheistic religion, encompassing many religious traditions that trace their origins to the Jewish preacher and healer Jesus Christ. Christians assert that Jesus is the son of God, and the Lord and sole Savior of all humanity as the Jewish Messiah. With over two billion adherents, Christianity is the world's largest religion. History Main article: History of Christianity. ..... Click the link for more information. is synonymous with spiritual Spirituality may include belief in supernatural powers, as in religion, but the emphasis is on experience. What is referred to as "religion" and what is referred to as "spirituality" are often the same. In recent years, "spirituality" has often carried connotations of the believer's faith being more personal, less dogmatic, more open to new ideas and myriad influences, and more pluralistic than the faiths of established religions. Those given to speaking of "spirituality" rather than "religion" are apt to believe that there are many "spiritual paths" and that there is no objective truth about which is the best path to follow. ..... Click the link for more information. rebirth The word Rebirth has a number of not-quite-identical meanings, including Reincarnation Buddhist Rebirth (sometimes called Emanation) potentially any situation where one's outlook on life is strongly changed or redefined may be named a "Rebirth". It happens sometimes in Christian contexts, for instance -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ReBirth is a software for PC that emulates the sound of an original Roland synthesizer such as the TR-808, TR-909 and TB-303 ..... Click the link for more information. and, in many denominational traditions, salvation In Christianity, salvation is arguably the most important spiritual concept, second only to the divinity of Jesus Christ. For many Christians, the primary goal of religion is to attain salvation. (Others maintain that the primary goal of Christians is to do the will of God, or that the two are equivalent.) In many traditions, attaining salvation is synonymous with going to heaven after death, while some traditions place a stronger emphasis on the belief that salvation represents a changed life while on Earth. Many elements of Christian theology explain why salvation is needed and how to attain it. ..... Click the link for more information. . The term is used somewhat differently in different Christian traditions. The Christian use of the term is derived from the third chapter of the Gospel of John The Gospel of John is the fourth gospel in the usual sequence of the canon as printed in the New Testament. It contains an account of the life of Jesus. The apostle John is traditionally considered its author, and his name appears as the author in many ancient manuscripts. Sources Beginning with a hypothesis elaborated by Rudolf Bultmann, some scholars have suggested that the author of ..... Click the link for more information., where Nicodemus Nicodemus was a Pharisee and a member of the Sanhedrin, who showed favor to Jesus Christ. He appears three times in the Gospel of John: the first is when he visits Jesus one night to listen to his teachings (3:1-21); the second is when he states the law concerning the arrest of Jesus during the Feast of Tabernacles (7:45-51); and the last follows the Crucifixion, when he assists Joseph of Arimathea in preparing the corpse of Jesus for burial (20:39-42). ..... Click the link for more information. asks Jesus what he must do to be saved: Now there was a Pharisee named Nicodemus, a leader of the Jews. He came to Jesus by night and said to him, "Rabbi, we know that you are a teacher who has come from God; for no one can do these signs that you do apart from the presence of God." Jesus answered him, "Very truly, I tell you, no one can see the kingdom of God without being born again." Nicodemus said to him, "How can anyone be born after having grown old? Can one enter a second time into the mother's womb and be born?" Jesus answered, "Very truly, I tell you, no one can enter the kingdom of God without being born of water and Spirit." :-John 3:1-5 (New Revised Standard Version) Note that some translators consider "born from above" to be a better translation than "born again" Most Christian denominations would agree that a true Christian must be born again, based on the above passage, and thus that those who are true Christians are in fact born again, whether they describe themselves as such or not. The Roman Catholic This article contains information about the major Christian belief-system known as Catholicism, as well as an overview of the largest Catholic grouping, the historical institution commonly known as the Roman Catholic Church. For contrasts, see Eastern Orthodoxy and the Greek Orthodox Church or Protestantism and the Lutheran Church. Catholicism is a belief system, and is studied in contexts that include theology and philosophy. The Roman Catholic Church is a physical institution, and can be studied much as institutions like the US Government or the British Monarchy are studied. ..... Click the link for more information. church, for example, considers that "Baptism Baptism is a religious ceremony performed with water. Baptism is usually closely identified with Christianity, where it is believed to have been instituted by Jesus Christ. Christian baptism is performed "in the name of the Father, and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit". The baptised person is acknowledged to have been incorporated into the life of the Christian church, and to have been made a sharer in its mission. ..... Click the link for more information. is ... the sacrament by which we are born again of water and the Holy Ghost" http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02258b.htm#III. However the term is most frequently used by Evangelical Evangelicalism, in a strictly lexical, but rarely used sense, refers to all things that are implied in belief that Jesus Christ is the savior. To be evangelical would then mean to be merely Christian - that is, founded upon, motivated by, acting in agreement with, or in some other way identified with t? e?a??e???? : the good news, the Gospel of salvation given to Man in Jesus Christ. ..... Click the link for more information. Protestants Protestantism in the strict sense of the word is the group of princes and imperial cities who, at the diet of Speyer in 1529, signed a protestation against the Edict of Worms which forbade the Lutheran teachings within the Holy Roman Empire. From there, the word Protestant in German speaking areas still refers to Lutheran churches in contrast to Reformed churches, while the common designation for all churches originating from the Reformation is Evangelical. ..... Click the link for more information., where it is often associated with an intense conversion experience and an encounter of the individual with the power of God. Some would deny that those without such an experience are true Christians, based again on the above passage. It is common to find that Christians who describe themselves as born again consider those who do not to be counterfeit. The idea of born again carries with it the theological idea that a Christian is a new creation, given a fresh start by the action of God, freed from a sinful past life and able to begin a new life in relationship with the Holy Spirit. Born Again is also the title of a book by Charles W. Colson Charles W. Colson, better known as Chuck Colson, was the chief counsel for Richard Nixon from 1969 to 1973. He is an alumnus of George Washington University. In 1976, following his release from prison for his part in the Watergate Scandal, Colson founded Prison Fellowship. Colson is an active Evangelical Christian and author of over twenty books. The royalties from those books are donated to that fellowship. ..... Click the link for more information., which describes his experience of becoming a born again Christian. General Usage Self-described born again Christians are often the most enthusiastic, devoted and outspoken, and hence the phrase has come to be used to describe any dedicated and enthusiastic supporter of a cause - e.g. born-again Conservative, born-again sports fan, born-again skeptic etc. Alternative Interpretation It can be argued that according to the logic of Jesus' statements it is possible to be born again without seeing the kingdom of God. It should also be stated that there is disagreement among Christians as to what the 'born again' experience is. Some interpret it as baptism, others as 'praying the sinners prayer', others as a 'conversion experience', others as an intense spiritual experience, associated with the Holy Spirit In the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) the Hebrew term Ruach HaKodesh is used many times; it is translated literally as Holy Spirit (also known as the Holy Ghost). Within the Hebrew Bible its use refers to the presence of God as experienced by a human being. In most Christianity the Holy Spirit is considered to be God himself, part of the Trinity. Jewish views of the Holy Spirit ..... Click the link for more information. . Almost all Christians associate the Kingdom of God with acceptance by God, and by implication with the removal and forgiveness of sins, which are seen as separating one from God. A minority might disagree with this. In research into near death experiences, some people recall a passage along a tunnel towards a light. The apparent relation of this to the birth experience leads some researchers to consider that death is a kind of 'second birth', and therefore that we can be 'born again' at death. Some propose a resonance between aspects of Christian "Born again" doctrine and some aspects of reincarnation Reincarnation, also called transmigration of souls, is the rebirth in another body (after physical death), of some critical part of a person's personality or spirit. Its occurrence is a central tenet of Hinduism, Jainism, some African religions, as well as various other religions and philosophies. It has traditionally also been understood to be akin to the Buddhist concept of Rebirth, but in recent years it has become clear that the two concepts are very distinct - Buddhism teaches that there is no self to reincarnate. ..... Click the link for more information. theories known from Hinduism This article is about the Hindu religion; for other meanings of the word, see Hindu (disambiguation). -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -- AUM: the quintessential symbol of Hinduism Hinduism (????? ????; Sanatana Dharma, roughly Perennial Faith) is generally considered to be the oldest major world religion still practiced today and first among Dharma faiths. Hinduism is characterized by a diverse array of belief systems, practices and scriptures. It has its origin in ancient Vedic culture at least as far back as 2000 BCE. It is the third largest religion with approximately 1.05 billion followers worldwide, 96% of whom live in the Indian subcontinent. ..... Click the link for more information. and Buddhism Buddhism is the religion and philosophy based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama (Sanskrit; in Pali, Siddhattha Gotama), who lived between approximately 563 and 483 BCE. This religion originated in India and gradually spread throughout Asia, to Central Asia, Tibet, Sri Lanka, Southeast Asia, as well as the East Asian countries of China, Mongolia, Korea, and Japan. ..... Click the link for more information. . There are probably at least as many who don't see any relation, however.